Flashcards in Preventing Substance Abuse Deck (43)
The definitions of secondary prevention and selective prevention are similar in that the programs are aimed at:
groups that are at higher risk because of early experimentation.
Tertiary prevention programs are those aimed mainly at:
people who have been treated for substance abuse.
What is the name of Health Canada’s anti-drug campaign aimed at youth?
All of the following are key elements of the social influence model EXCEPT:
use of scare tactics.
Which drug prevention strategies has current research indicated to be the most effective?
multifaceted approaches with a contribution from the media, family, school, and community.
The acronym DARE stands for:
Drug Abuse Resistance Education.
The main benefits of "extracurricular" peer approaches to drug prevention include which of the following?
more positive attitude toward peers and school
The various programs that have worked with parents have been described as taking at least one of four approaches, which include all of the following EXCEPT:
Which of these is a model community prevention program mentioned in the text?
Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol
In the US, one of the most consistent features in workplace drug prevention programs is:
random urine drug testing.
what are several facts of drug abuse
as long as there is a market, there will be people to supply the market
substances will never disappear
our society has accepted the continued existence of tobacco and alcohol, yet some people are harmed by them
how much of Canada's investment is used towards prevention focused initiatives?
who are the targets of primary prevention?
young people who have not tried the substane
what is the goal of primary prevention?
teach how to view drugs and potential influences of drugs on lives, emotions and social relationships
who are the targets of secondary prevention?
people who have tried the drug or a variety of other substances
-many post secondary students fall into here
what is the goal of secondary prevention?
prevention of the use of other more dangerous substances and the prevention of the development of more dangerous forms of use of the substances they are already using
what is the goal of tertiary prevention?
how are prevention efforts categorized?
according to intended target, but the targets are not defined only by prior drug use
what is universal prevention?
designed for delivery to an entire population:
eg. school, community
what is selective prevention?
designed for groups within the general population:
eg. students doing poor academically
what is indicated prevention?
designed for individuals who show signs of developing problems
eg. child who began smoking at a young age
who are more prone to risk-taking behavior?
young people - areas of the brain that moderate risk and reward typically mature later
how many percent of young people ages 15-24 have used drugs sometime in their life
what is the average age at which students grades 7-12 first drank alcohol? used cannabis?
how many students grade 10-12 have reported binge drinking in the past 12 months
how many post secondary students reported binge drinking in the past two weeks?
why invest in young people?
rates of recovery from substance dependency in adults is low, and so harm reduction is the only option
-the ability to easily modify brain pathways is substantially diminished and therefore recovery from dependency is extremely difficult
what did traditional antidrug programs rely on?
local police reps told horror stories
what is affective education?
helping children know their own feelings and express them, helping them achieve altered emotional states without drugs, teaching them to feel valued and accepted and wanted
-ways of reducing drug use