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Flashcards in Preventing Substance Abuse Deck (43)
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1

The definitions of secondary prevention and selective prevention are similar in that the programs are aimed at:

groups that are at higher risk because of early experimentation.

2

Tertiary prevention programs are those aimed mainly at:

people who have been treated for substance abuse.

3

What is the name of Health Canada’s anti-drug campaign aimed at youth?

DrugsNot4Me.

4

All of the following are key elements of the social influence model EXCEPT:

use of scare tactics.

5

Which drug prevention strategies has current research indicated to be the most effective?

multifaceted approaches with a contribution from the media, family, school, and community.

6

The acronym DARE stands for:

Drug Abuse Resistance Education.

7

The main benefits of "extracurricular" peer approaches to drug prevention include which of the following?

more positive attitude toward peers and school

8

The various programs that have worked with parents have been described as taking at least one of four approaches, which include all of the following EXCEPT:

urine testing.

9

Which of these is a model community prevention program mentioned in the text?

Communities Mobilizing for Change on Alcohol

10

In the US, one of the most consistent features in workplace drug prevention programs is:

random urine drug testing.

11

what are several facts of drug abuse

as long as there is a market, there will be people to supply the market
substances will never disappear
our society has accepted the continued existence of tobacco and alcohol, yet some people are harmed by them

12

how much of Canada's investment is used towards prevention focused initiatives?

4%

13

who are the targets of primary prevention?

young people who have not tried the substane

14

what is the goal of primary prevention?

encourage abstinence
teach how to view drugs and potential influences of drugs on lives, emotions and social relationships

15

who are the targets of secondary prevention?

people who have tried the drug or a variety of other substances
-many post secondary students fall into here

16

what is the goal of secondary prevention?

prevention of the use of other more dangerous substances and the prevention of the development of more dangerous forms of use of the substances they are already using

17

what is the goal of tertiary prevention?

relapse prevention

18

how are prevention efforts categorized?

according to intended target, but the targets are not defined only by prior drug use

19

what is universal prevention?

designed for delivery to an entire population:
eg. school, community

20

what is selective prevention?

designed for groups within the general population:
eg. students doing poor academically

21

what is indicated prevention?

designed for individuals who show signs of developing problems
eg. child who began smoking at a young age

22

who are more prone to risk-taking behavior?

young people - areas of the brain that moderate risk and reward typically mature later

23

how many percent of young people ages 15-24 have used drugs sometime in their life

57%

24

what is the average age at which students grades 7-12 first drank alcohol? used cannabis?

alcohol 13
cannabis 13.7

25

how many students grade 10-12 have reported binge drinking in the past 12 months

49%

26

how many post secondary students reported binge drinking in the past two weeks?

36%

27

why invest in young people?

rates of recovery from substance dependency in adults is low, and so harm reduction is the only option
-the ability to easily modify brain pathways is substantially diminished and therefore recovery from dependency is extremely difficult

28

what did traditional antidrug programs rely on?

local police reps told horror stories
-scare tactics

29

what is affective education?

helping children know their own feelings and express them, helping them achieve altered emotional states without drugs, teaching them to feel valued and accepted and wanted
-ways of reducing drug use

30

what does the values clarification approach assume?

assumes that what is lacking in drug use adolescents is not factual info about drugs, but rather, the ability to make appropriate decision based on that info