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Flashcards in Hallucinogen Deck (50)
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1

The use of hallucinogenic drugs in many religions is consistent with a belief in:

animism

2

LSD was synthesized in:

1938.

3

The League for Spiritual Discovery was started by ______.

Timothy Leary

4

Studies of LSD have shown that:

tolerance develops rapidly.

5

The peyote cactus contains

mescaline.

6

Which of the following drugs is normally ineffective when taken orally?

DMT

7

Harmaline, found in ayahuasca, accentuates the effect of:

DMT

8

Ecstasy typically, but not always, contains:

MDMA

9

Angel dust is the nickname for:

PCP

10

The plant associated with flying witches and Black Mass is:

belladonna.

11

types of hallucinogens

phantastica - fantasy world
psychedelic - mind-viewing visionary
psychotomimetic - psychosis; altered sense of reality

12

what is a substance that creates a spirtiual/religious experience

entheogen

13

what is a substance that enhances empathy?

entactogen

14

how are halucinogens classified

-chem structure
-phamracological properties
-extent of loss of awareness
-how dangerous

15

two major groups of hallucinogens

1. classical phantastica - alter perceptions while allowing user to remain in communication with the present world
2. deliriants - produce mental confusion

16

indole hallucinogen

drugs that have indole structure found in serotonin
-LSD, psilocybin

17

catechol hallucinogen

drugs that have the catechol nucleus that forms basic structure norepinephrine and dopamine
-mescaline, MDMA

18

what is LSD synthesized from?

ergot fungus Claviceps purpurea
-grain infected with this mold causes illness called ergotism

19

who first synthesized LSD?

1938 Dr Albert Hofmann of Sandoz Labs in Switzerland

20

why is LSD so attractive?

intense potency
-4000x as strong as mescaline

21

Timothy Leary

1966: League of Spiritual Discovery

peaked in 1967 and fell in 1968

22

what was LSD used to treat?

mental illness and alcoholism

23

LSD pharmacology

odorless, colorless, tasteless, one of the most potent drugs ever known

no known human overdose deaths

24

how is LSD absorbed?

rapidly through gastrointestinal tract

-usually taken orally

25

LD50 and ED50 of LSD

LD50 is 400x ED40

26

half-life of LSD?

3hr

27

how is LSD metabolized

by the liver
-excreted as inactive chemical

28

how fast does tolerance develop?

3-4 days of daily doses
-recovery is also rapid
-cross tolerance with mescaline and psiocybin

29

what chemical does LSD resemble?

serotonin
-serotonin-2A subtype

30

peyote, psilocybin, LSD, mescaline are all examples of

phantastica