Flashcards in Hallucinogen Deck (50)
The use of hallucinogenic drugs in many religions is consistent with a belief in:
LSD was synthesized in:
The League for Spiritual Discovery was started by ______.
Studies of LSD have shown that:
tolerance develops rapidly.
The peyote cactus contains
Which of the following drugs is normally ineffective when taken orally?
Harmaline, found in ayahuasca, accentuates the effect of:
Ecstasy typically, but not always, contains:
Angel dust is the nickname for:
The plant associated with flying witches and Black Mass is:
types of hallucinogens
phantastica - fantasy world
psychedelic - mind-viewing visionary
psychotomimetic - psychosis; altered sense of reality
what is a substance that creates a spirtiual/religious experience
what is a substance that enhances empathy?
how are halucinogens classified
-extent of loss of awareness
two major groups of hallucinogens
1. classical phantastica - alter perceptions while allowing user to remain in communication with the present world
2. deliriants - produce mental confusion
drugs that have indole structure found in serotonin
drugs that have the catechol nucleus that forms basic structure norepinephrine and dopamine
what is LSD synthesized from?
ergot fungus Claviceps purpurea
-grain infected with this mold causes illness called ergotism
who first synthesized LSD?
1938 Dr Albert Hofmann of Sandoz Labs in Switzerland
why is LSD so attractive?
-4000x as strong as mescaline
1966: League of Spiritual Discovery
peaked in 1967 and fell in 1968
what was LSD used to treat?
mental illness and alcoholism
odorless, colorless, tasteless, one of the most potent drugs ever known
no known human overdose deaths
how is LSD absorbed?
rapidly through gastrointestinal tract
-usually taken orally
LD50 and ED50 of LSD
LD50 is 400x ED40
half-life of LSD?
how is LSD metabolized
by the liver
-excreted as inactive chemical
how fast does tolerance develop?
3-4 days of daily doses
-recovery is also rapid
-cross tolerance with mescaline and psiocybin
what chemical does LSD resemble?