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Flashcards in Caffine Deck (95)
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1

Caffeine classification

stimulant (eg. amphetamines, cocaine)

xanthine/methylxanthine
-theophylline (tea)
-theobromine (chocolate)

2

coffee consumption (statistics canada)

increased from 96->106L (from 1990->2009)

3

factors => difference in coffee consumption

gender,
location,
age

4

caffeine origins
-name?
-places and when?

-name from qaweh (Arabic)
-story: Ethiopian goat herder
-Egypt (15th century)
-Middle East (16th century)
-Europe (17th century)

5

coffee houses
-when?
-purpose?

-England (1650)
-France (1671)
-place to relax, learn news, seal bargains, to plot
-"hotbeds of seditious talk and slanderous attacks upon persons in high stations"

6

The Women's Petition Against Coffee
-when?
-why?

-1674
-claims men used too much coffee => impotence

7

British Act
-what was the result?

-tea drinker = allegiance to the queen
-coffee became the US' national drink

8

what caused a decrease in coffee consumption

-changing lifestyles (eg. canned drinks)

9

roasting coffee
-origins
-why?
-commercial?

-Middle East
-improve flavor, aroma, color

-commercial roasting (1790) in NYC

10

coffee worldwide
-biggest producer? why?

-Dutch began production in 1696
-Latin America = ideal climate for coffee growing => became the largest producer

11

species of coffee

coffea arabica
-milder, longer to develop, near-tropical climate
-more expensive, more desirable

coffea robusta
-stronger, more bitter,
-high caffeine content
-less expensive blends; instant coffee

12

caffeine removal process

-North America: unroasted beans soaked in organic solvent (methylene chloride)

13

Swiss water process

-removes more of the coffee's flavor when decaffinating

14

Fair Trade Coffee

organized social movement and a market based approach to selling coffee
-help producers in developing countries
-higher wages to producers and higher social and environmental condition
-poverty alleviation and sustainable deveopment

15

Coffee became America's favourite drink because:

the British Tax Act resulted in the refusal by many to drink tea.

16

U.S. Coffee consumption reached an all-time high of 9 kilograms per capita in:

1946,
after World War II.

17

Brazil is the world’s leading coffee producer, but which country is number two?

Vietnam

18

The caffeine that is removed from decaffeinated coffee:

mostly used in soft drinks.

19

Oxidized tea is called:

black tea

20

Europeans first encountered chocolate in:

mexico

21

Present-day Coca-Cola contains:

extract of decocainized coca leaves and cola nuts.

22

A fairly large amount of caffeine is included in some over-the-counter:

analgesics, like Excedrin.

23

Caffeine blocks this inhibitory neurotransmitter:

adenosine

24

Some studies suggest that caffeine consumption may:

increase the chances of spontaneous abortion.

25

tea origins

Chinese manuscript (350 CE) as medicinal
nonmedicinal (780 CE)

1559 Europe
1610 Dutch

26

English East India Company

formed in 1600

monopoly on everything from the east coast of Africa across the Pacific to the west coast of South America

concentrated on importing spices
-first tea from Dutch to England
-expanded: China->England

27

What was the result of Britain banning Dutch imports of tea in 1669?

-gave English East India Company a monopoly
-profit from the China tea trade colonized India
-brought Opium wars
-English switched from coffee -> tea

28

What increased tea drinking campaign?

-low cost on tea
-advertising
-high tax on alcohol

29

Stamp Act

-1765
-tax on tea
-repealed in 1766 but replaced with Trade and Revenue Act of 1767
-boycott on consumption of English tea

30

result of the stamp act?

increase in coffee, but also increase in smuggling of tea