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Flashcards in PERIOD 7 Deck (47):
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William H Seward

Secretary of State, influential in emerging foreign policy.
Cited Monroe doctrine
Purchased Alaska
Gained Rights to build canal in Nicaragua
Threatened US military action when French and Napoleon III occupied Mexico

1

Monroe doctrine

Often cited in this period for basis of foreign policy. Highlights protecting Western Hemisphere and using military force against nations when this is violated

2

International Darwinism

Expansion of manifest destiny applied globally

3

Josiah strong

Aided in international Darwinism
Missionary, established a religious duty among Protestant Americans to colonize and spread Christianity. (To less fortunate)

4

Henry Cabot lodge

Eager for global expansion
Passed lodge corollary (fucked over japan and made em mad)

5

Lodge corollary

Excluded non European powers (hey japan) from territory in Western Hemisphere.
Opposed by William Taft

6

Panama

Fed by Roosevelt to achieve panama independence when Colombia would not secure a deal for the canal.

7

Hay-pauncefote treaty

Canceled (abrogate) a previous treaty that promised British halfsies on any canal built (hello panama)

8

Roosevelt corollary

Response to foregin intervention in Latin America, declared that America would be the only one intervening (extension of Monroe doctrine)

Long term resulted with poor relations with Latin America

9

Platt amendment

Fucked over Cuban independence after the war
Subjected their foreign policy to US control

10

William Jennings Brian

Anti-imperialist
Campaigned against McKinley 1900
Still won't let go of the free silver shit

11

Boxer rebellion

Chinese nationalists attacked Americans and Christians

US participated in international march against them

12

John hay

Mckinley's Secretary of State
Dealed with China's open door policy by asking all the powers if that was cool and they were like ehh
And he celebrated mad hard

13

Spheres of influence in china

European powers which split up a foregin domination of china. America wanted in, so john hay requested an open door policy (they can trade with anyone) in 1899

14

Great white fleet

Awesome navy we paraded around to show off (notably japan)

15

Gentlemans agreement

Off the books agreement between us and japan telling J gov to stop emigration to US .

As a result of school segregation

16

Russo-Japanese war

American intervened to come up with an end, but ended up getting on Japan's bad side when the resolution did not favor them

17

Stalwarts

Fraction of Republican Party 1880

Favored traditional politics
"Conservative"

18

Half-breeds

Fraction of the Republican Party

Favored reform
"Liberal"

19

Rough riders

Roosevelt's bitches. They were craZY
(Battle of San Juan hill)

20

The Philippine war

Long and bloody war of Philippine resistance
America acted like britan during (totally mean)

21

Open door policy

Policy forced out of European nations occupying china. McKinley harrowed it as a victory

22

Elihu root

Military reform

23

Platt amendment

Fucked over Cuban independence promised in the tallmadge act

24

Square deal

Roosevelt policy of giving owner and worker a medium to work out problems. Stood up for the little guy more than previous people
Helped gain popular vote

25

Hepburn act

Restored some railroad regulation, but wasn't really too effective

26

Pure food and drug act

Roosevelt passed to restrict sale of dangerous/ineffective medicines

Helped advocated by yellow journalism exposing dangers to public

27

Yellow journalism

Series of popular publishings that exposed corruption and public hazards

Created public outcry for many reforms

28

William Howard Taft

Roosevelt's hand picked successor, but didn't really do shit. Suffered ridicule.

Passive

29

Payne-Aldrich tariff

Taft's shitty attempt at lowering tariffs to meet demands

30

Ballinger Pinchot dispute

Taft replaced a secretary with one who tried to invalidate Roosevelt's conservation efforts. This was brought to tafts attention and he didn't do shit.

Taft alienates Roosevelt supports
Makes him wayyyyy unpopular because Roosevelt is Americas love child

31

New nationalism

Roosevelt's new ideal policy after he came back From Africa and found Taft had fucked everything up. Called for strong efforts and a strong federal government to make social justice possible.

Graduated income, workers compensation, labor regulations, cooperation regulation

32

The progressive party

Bull moose party. Election of 1912
Roosevelt formed when he didn't get the nomination.

Supported reform and progressive values

33

Election of 1912

Woodrow Wilson v Taft v Roosevelt

V debs (write in) (6%)

Showed the preference of America when faced with 2 types of progressivism

34

New freedom

Wilson's strategy of reform

Destroy monopoly, not just regulate

35

Federal reserve act

Created banks and new currency.

36

Federal trade commission act and
Clayton antitrust act

Continued Wilson's vision by making it easier for gov to break up trust

37

Emilio Aguinaldo

Filipino nationalist that advocated Philippine independence. Public loyalty to him sparked American brutality in their thirst for imperialist power

38

Root-Takahira agreement 1908

Executive agreement between us and japan improving relations

Agreeable respect

39

Federal reserve act

Establish of national currency. With reserves. Under Wilson

40

Clayton antitrust act

Under Wilson . Strengthened means to destroy monopolies

41

Wilson's new freedom program

Progressive program consisting of reforms across a variety of means

42

New nationalism

Roosevelt's policy of strong federal government regulations

43

The jungle

Book exposing horrors of meat packing industry

44

Wilson banking regulation

Wilson provided banking regulations for new reserve

45

Pragmatism

Revolution in thinking.
Proponent of practical approach to logic, morals, and knowledge to produce a well functioning democratic society.

46

Ida Tarbell

Reformist against standard oil. Personal motivation, wanted standard oil destroyed