Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (14):
1

what is repetition compulsion?

-ppl who have personality disorders will have more repetition compulsion
-describes the pattern whereby people endlessly repeat patterns of behaviour which were difficult or distressing in earlier life."

2

What are Wilhelm Reich's four main character types?

-hysterical
-narcissistic
-compulsive
-masochistic

3

In DSM-V definition of personality disorders, what are the 3 clusters and what those clusters include.

Cluster A: psychotic like: paranoid, schizoid, shizotypal
Cluster B: behavioral: anti-social, histrionic, narcissistic, borderline
Cluster C: anxious: avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive

4

In cluster A, there are paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders. Describe paranoid PD

-a pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent, beginning by adulthood
-does not occur exclusively during the course of schizophrenia or other psychotic diorders

5

In cluster A, there are paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders. Describe schizoid PD.

-a pervasive pattern of detachment from social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions
-doesn't show much emotion; overlap w/ autism
-does not occur exclusively during the course of schizophrenia or other psychotic diorders

6

In cluster A, there are paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders. Describe schizotypal PD.

-a pervasive pattern of interpersonal deficits marked by cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior
-just an "odd" person
-does not occur exclusively during the course of schizophrenia or other psychotic diorders

7

In cluster B, there are antisocial, histrionic, narcissistic, and borderline personality disorders. Describe antisocial

-pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others occurring since age 15 years
-evidence of a conduct disorder w/ onset before age 15
-behavior is not exclusively during schizophrenia or a manic episode

8

In cluster B, there are antisocial, histrionic, narcissistic, and borderline personality disorders. Describe histrionic

-pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and attn seeking, beginning by early adulthood, such as sexually seductive or provocative behavior, self-dramatization, theatricality, exaggerated emotional expression, easily influence by others, considers relationships to be more intimate than they actually are

9

In cluster B, there are antisocial, histrionic, narcissistic, and borderline personality disorders. Describe narcissistic

-pervasive pattern of grandiosity beginning by early adulthood
-need for admiration
-lack of empathy
-sense of entitlement

when ppl shame them, they can get violent (maybe even more violent than ppl with anti-social pd)

10

In cluster B, there are antisocial, histrionic, narcissistic, and borderline personality disorders. Describe borderline personality

-pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood.
-need 5/9 symptoms:
1. frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment
2. unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, alternating idealization and devaluation
3. persistently unstable self-image or sense of self
4. impulsivity that is potentially self-damaging
5 recurrent suicidal behavior or threat or self-mutilation
6. mood lability and reactivity
7. frequent or intense anger outbursts
8. chronic feelings of emptiness
9. transient paranoid ideation or severe dissociative symptoms

11

In cluster C of personality disorders, there are avoidant, obsessive compulsive and dependent. THESE ARE NOT ANXIETY DISORDERS; just anxious. Describe avoidant personality disorder

pervasive pattern of social inhibition beginning by early adulthood, inhibited in social situations b/c of feelings of inadequacy, hypersensitive to criticism or rejection;like an exaggerated form of shyness

12

In cluster C of personality disorders, there are avoidant, obsessive compulsive and dependent. THESE ARE NOT ANXIETY DISORDERS; just anxious. Describe obsessive compulsive personality disorder

by early adulthood, have these symptoms:
-preoccupied with details, rules, lists, schedules
-perfectionism interferes w/ task completion
-excessively devoted to work and productivity
-scrupulous abt morality, ethics and values
-unable to discard worn-out objects
-micro-manages tasks
-miserly spending style
-rigid and stubborn

13

In cluster C of personality disorders, there are avoidant, obsessive compulsive and dependent. THESE ARE NOT ANXIETY DISORDERS; just anxious. Describe dependent personality disorder

pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of beginning by early adulthood

indecisive, submissive and clingy, difficulty expressing disagreement, lack of self-confidence, feeling of helplessness, goes to excessive lengths to obtain nurturance and support from others

14

Other models (not the DSM-V) that characterize personalities are the five-factor model and the temperament and charactor inventory. Those are done in healthy populations (e.g college students). List some traits in each model

Five-factor model
-extraversion
-neuroticism
-openness to experience
-conscientiousness
-agreeableness

Temperament and Character Inventory
-novelty seeking
-reward dependence
-harm avoidance
-persistence