Flashcards in Pharm 1 - Exam 1: Cardio/Resp Deck (85)
What is an non-selective adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of asthma?
What form of administration is ineffective for Epinephrine?
Name the long-acting beta 2 adrenergic agonist for asthma.
Which asthma drug must be used in conjunction with other therapies?
What inhibits Salmeterol?
What is the class of drugs Ipratropium/Atrovent is in?
Which asthma medication has the narrowest TI and in which class is it?
*looks like caffiene
If you want to give an inhaled corticosteroid to an asthma patient, what med would you use?
If you have a patient with COPD or worsening asthma, what corticosteroid would you give?
Name a leukotriene inhibitor used in the treatment of chronic asthma. What enzymes does this drug inhibit?
What other class of drugs is often added to antitussives used in COPD?
Name two antitussives and their classes given for COPD.
Codeine (narcotic analgesic/cough suppressant)
Dextromethorphan/DM (synthetic derivative of morphine/cough suppressant)
What is the MOA and #1 side effect for Diphenhydramine/Benadryl?
Histamine 1 receptor site blockage
Which drug is a non-sedating antihistamine used for allergic rhinitis? Why is it non-sedating?
Don't cross BBB
T/F. Both Dephenhydramine and Loratadine block the production of histamine.
False. The receptor is just blocked.
Which drug would you choose if you wanted a nasal corticosteroid for treating nasal rhinitis?
What is the most addictive OTC drug and its class? Hint: it's used to treat allergic rhinitis.
This drug has the rebound effects of rhinitis medicosum
What is the most effective smoking cessation drug and its MOA?
partial agonist of alpha4/beta2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor sites
What is the second most effective smoking cessation drug? What is it's MOA?
dopamine-NE reuptake inhibitor (depression med)
What drug is based on the Ayurvedic herb Khella?
What stage of HTN is a BP of 160-179/100?
What stage of HTN is a BP of 140-159/90s?
What Stage of HTN is a BP of >180/>110?
Stage 3/malignant HTN
Which HTN med is contraindicated in patients with low GFR and gout patients?
Is Hydrochlorthiazide/Hydrodiuril K+ sparing or wasting?
Which two drugs help the K+ wasting of Hydrochlorthiazide/Hydrodiuril?
Which class of drugs has the strongest diuretic effect?
Name a loop diuretic. Is it safe to use in patients with renal failure?
No, it's not effective for pts with renal failure but it is the drug of choice for those with low GFR or in hypertensive emergencies