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Flashcards in Pharm Deck (46):
1

What are some generic NSAIDs drugs?

Aspirin, diclofenac, indomethacin, ibuprofen, piroxicam, celecoxib

2

What is pharmacokinetics

The methods, by which drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolize, and eliminated

3

What is the drug vechile

the substance in which a drug is transported

4

What is bioavailability

How completely a particular drug is absorbed by the system

5

What is the half-life of a drug

The rate of which a drug disappears from the body through metabolism, excretion, or both

6

What is the steady state of a drug

When the amount of the drug taken is equal to the amount that is excreted

7

What are bioequivalent drugs

Drugs that have similar biological effects

8

What are some serious complications of prolonged use of corticosteroids

Fluid and electrolyte disturbances, musculoskeletal and joint impairments, dermatological problems, neurological impairments, endocrine dysfunctions, ophthalmic conditions, and metabolic impairments

9

What is ergogenic aid

Any method, legal or illegal, used to enhance athletic performance

10

What should be done if an athletic trainer suspects a drug overdose

Call 911 and poison control

11

Why would a person want to blood dope

Endurance, acclimatization, and altitude make increased metabolic demands on the body, which responds to increasing blood volume and the number or red blood cells

12

What does dose-response relationship mean?

The relationship between the amount of substance and its overall effect on the body

13

Why is a dosing schedule important?

To avoid taking too little, which will not be effective, or too much that may cause life-threatening side effects

14

Who should be called in the case of a toxic drug overdose?

Poison control center

15

T/F. If taken inappropriately, many medicines and vitamins can be poisonous and are capable of causing illness or even death.

True

16

What is the therapeutically inactive substance that transports the drug?

Drug vehicle

17

How completely a drug is absorbed by the system is referred to as what?

Bioavailability

18

A biotransformation refers to what?

Transforming a drug so it can be metabolized

19

The excretion of a drug is controlled primarily by what?

Kidneys

20

The rate at which a drug disappears from the body is referred to as what?

Half-Life

21

What determines how often a drug will be administered?

The drug's steady state

22

The first time an athlete fails a drug test, the NCAA declares an athlete ineligible for how long?

One year

23

What makes up the "skeleton" of the drug?

Pharmacophore

24

What does SAR stand for?

Structure activity relationship

25

What is the molecule that is acted on by an enzyme?

Substrate

26

What is an exipient?

Agent added to a drug withou a therapeutic effect

27

Describe the difference between a local and a systemic drug.

Local - works right at the site of application. Systemic - absorbed throughout the whole body

28

_____describes the physiological processes of how the body acts on a drug.

Pharmacokinetics

29

_____describes the process of how a drug acts on the body.

Pharmacodynamics

30

Nsaids are used to treat _____ and _____ inflammatory conditions.

Acute and chronic

31

______ are used by individuals with asthma to relax bronchial spasms and expanded airways.

bronchodilators

32

Bioavailability

how completely a particular drug is absorbed by the system

33

Prostaglandin

acidic lipid in the body concerned with vasodilation and a histamine-like effect which is inhibited by aspirin

34

Pharmacokinetics

the method by which drugs are administered, distributed, metabolized, and eliminated

35

NSAIDs

nonsteroidal antinflammatory drugs

36

What is the half-life of a drug?

the time required for the amount or concentration of a drug in the body to drop to one-half of its original value

37

What does ADME stand for?

absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion

38

What is considered a beta- lactam antibiotic?

Penicillin

39

What is a sign

an objectively measurable and observable phenomenon associated with a disease

40

What is the common drug to treat Asthma?

Albuterol

41

what is pharmacokinetics?

the method by which drugs are absorbed, distributed, metabolized, and eliminated

42

what is bioavailability ?

How completely a particular drug is absorbed by the system

43

what is efficacy?

a drugs capability of producing a specific therapeutic effect

44

What is potency?

The does of a drug required to produce a desired therapeutic effect

45

Generic name vs brand name

Generic name is the name for the active ingredient, brand name is the company that makes that drug

46

Common banned drugs?

Anabolic steroids, diuretics beta blockers Human growth hormones