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Flashcards in Rehab Deck (30):
1

What is the SAID principle

Specific adaptation to imposed demands

2

What are anerobic activities

Explosive, short-duration, burst-type activities

3

What are aerobic activities

Continuous, long-duration, sustained activites

4

What is a concentric contraction

The muscle shortens while contracting against resistance

5

What is eccentric contraction

The muscle lengthens while contracting against resistance

6

What is autogenic inhibition

Relaxation of the antagonist muslce during contractions

7

What is ballistic stretching

Older stretching technique that uses repetitive bouncing motions

8

What is static stretching

Passively stretching an antagonist muscle by placing it in a maximal stretch and holding it there

9

What does PNF stand for

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation

10

What is Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation

Stretching techniques that involve combinations of alternating contractions and stretches

11

What are the three seasons of sports conditioning

Preseason, in-season, and off-season

12

During a posture evaluation, which 3 structures are most important to observe?

Low back, pelvis, and hips

13

A weak ____ is a fundamental problem of inefficient movements that leads to injury

Core

14

_________ strength is one of the most essential factors in restoring the function of a body part to preinjury status

Muscular

15

______ exercises are used in the early phase of rehabilitation when a joint is immobilized

Isometric

16

Isometric exercises can lessen swelling by cause a ______ ______ action

Muscle pumping

17

_________ contractions are critical for deceleration of limb motion

Eccentric

18

Isokinetics uses a ______ speed to provide maximal resistance throughout the range of motion

Fixed

19

________ testing generally provides the most reliable objective measure of changes in strength

Isokinetic

20

There are _____ phases of rehabilitation when surgery is necessary

4

21

When a patient can not weight-bear, __________ exercises are a useful tool to help maintain cardiovascular endurance and strengthening

Aquatic

22

What is the second phase of healing?

Fibroblastic repair phase

23

What is the first phase of healing?

acute inflammatory response phase

24

The law that states a bone will adapt to the stress that is placed on it

Wolff's law

25

Concentric contraction

the muscle shortens while contracting against resistance

26

Eccentric contraction

the muscle lengthens while contracting against resistance

27

Antigenic inhibition

relaxation of the antagonist muscle during contractions

28

PNF stretching techniques

contract-relax, hold-relax, slow-reversal-hold-relax

29

SAID principle

Specific Adaptions to Imposed Demands

30

Yield point

Elastic limit of tissue