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Flashcards in Lower Deck (24):
1

What is the procedure for fitting crutches?

6 inches out and 2 inches in front of shoe
Under arm should be 1 inch below the anterior fold of axilla
Elbow should be 30 degrees

2

The term FABERE is used as a mnemonic describing the position of the hip during testing and stands for: ______, ______, ______ ______, ______.

flexion, abduction, external rotation, extension

3

Osteochondritis dissecans

fragment of cartilage and underlying bone are detached from the articular surface and floating in the joint capsule

4

Salter Harris Fx

Fracture of the epiphysis

5

Legg-cathe perthes disease

avascular necrosis of the femoral head

6

44. Larson-johanson disease

inflammation or partial avulsion of the patellar tendon at the apex (bottom) of the patella

7

45. Oschgood-schlatters disease

inflammation or partial avulsion of the patellar tendon at the tibial tuberocity

8

List Franc Fxs

Fractures or incongruities of the midfoot

9

54. Bucket tear

meniscal tear that occurs along the longitudinal aspect of the meniscus

10

59. Stages of walking

stance and swing phases; stance: initial contact, loading response, midstance, terminal stance, preswing. Swing: initial swing, midswing, terminal swing

11

Avascular necrosis of the femoral head is a symptom of what disease?

Leg Calves Perthes Disease

12

If a quad contusion isn't treated properly, what could develop?

Myositis ossificans

13

What muscles are in the deep posterior compartment of the leg?

tibialis posterior, flexor hallicus longus, flexor digitorum longus

14

What group of muscles are consider the knee extensors?

rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus intermedialis, vastus lateralis

15

What motions does the rectus femoris do?

hip flexion, knee extension, anterior pelvic rotation

16

The Trendelenburg test tests for what muscle?

Gluteus medius

17

Where do you take the measurements of a functional leg length discrepancy?

each medial malleolus to the umbilicus

18

Where do you take the measurements of a true leg length discrepancy?

ASIS to the medial malleolus

19

What are the movements of the hamstrings?

hip extension/ knee flexion

20

What is a Jone’s Fracture?

avulsion fracture at the base of the 5th metatarsal

21

What special test is used to determine DVT?

Homan’s sign

22

What special tests are used to find ACL Sprains?

anterior drawer test, lachmans test, pivot shift test

23

What injury involves the ACL, MCL, and medial meniscus?

unhappy triad

24

Knee ROM norms

Flexion 140, extension 180