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Flashcards in Physical Exams & History Deck (48):
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Abdominal pinging

Technique of identifying abdominal gas accumulations by simultaneous percussion and auscultation of the abdominal wall

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Technique of identifying abdominal gas accumulations by simultaneous percussion and auscultation of the abdominal wall

Abdominal pinging

2

Alopecia

The partial or complete absence of hair from regions of the body where it normally grows

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The partial or complete absence of hair from regions of the body where it normally grows

Alopecia

4

Aortic stenosis

Congenital cardiac anomaly resulting in resistance to flow of blood from the left ventricle into the aorta

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Congenital cardiac anomaly resulting in resistance to flow of blood from the left ventricle into the aorta

Aortic stenosis

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Ataxia

Uncoordinated gait usually associated with neurologic dysfunction

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Uncoordinated gait usually associated with neurologic dysfunction

Ataxia

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Aural

In or of the ear

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In or of the ear

Aural

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Axillary

Under the armpit

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Under the armpit

Axillary

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Barbering

Behavioral problem in which the animal obsessively grooms to the point of damaging hair and skin

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Behavioral problem in which the animal obsessively grooms to the point of damaging hair and skin

Barbering

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Body condition score

Estimate of fat composition, with higher scores indicating overweight or obese animals and lower scores indicating thin or emaciated animals

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Estimate of fat composition, with higher scores indicating overweight or obese animals and lower scores indicating thin or emaciated animals

Body composition score (BCS)

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Colitis

Inflammation of the colon

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Inflammation of the colon

Colitis

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Excoriation

Skin lesions caused by the self-trauma of scratching

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Skin lesions caused by the self-trauma of scratching

Excoriation

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Fever

Elevation of body temperature caused by a temporary increase in the body's thermoregulatory set point, usually caused by infection, inflammation, or neoplasia

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Elevation of body temperature caused by a temporary increase in the body's thermoregulatory set point, usually caused by infection, inflammation, or neoplasia

Fever

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Glucosuria

The presence of glucose in the urine

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The presence of glucose in the urine

Glucosuria

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Halitosis

A foul odor of breath

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A foul odor of breath

Halitosis

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Hyperthermia

Elevation of body temperature caused by inadequate heat-dissipating mechanisms to overcome excessive ambient heat, without a change in the body's thermoregulatory set point

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Elevation of body temperature caused by inadequate heat-dissipating mechanisms to overcome excessive ambient heat, without a change in the body's thermoregulatory set point

Hyperthermia

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Hypothermia

Abnormally low body temperature. The measured body temperature must be compared with what is normal for the age group because neonates have lower temperatures than adults

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Abnormally low body temperature

Hypothermia

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Hypovolemia

Decreased circulating blood volume

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Decreased circulating blood volume

Hypovolemia

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Icterus

Yellow discoloration of tissues, serum, or plasma due to the presence of bilirubin. Also called jaundice

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Yellow discoloration of tissues, serum, or plasma due to the presence of bilirubin

Icterus, jaundice

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What are three potential causes of icterus?

Hemolytic disease (prehepatic), liver disease (hepatic), or cholestasis (posthepatic or obstruction of bile flow)

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Hemolytic disease (prehepatic), liver disease (hepatic), or cholestasis (posthepatic or obstruction of bile flow)

Three potential causes of icterus

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Ileus

Functional loss of intestinal motility

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Functional loss of intestinal motility

Ileus

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Mentation

Mental activity or acuity of a patient

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Mental activity or acuity of a patient

Mentation

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Motility

ability to move spontaneously and actively, consuming energy in the process

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ability to move spontaneously and actively, consuming energy in the process

Motility

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Nares

Nostrils

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Nostrils

Nares

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Patent ductus arteriosus

Congenital cardiac anomaly that results in persistent vascular communication between the aorta and he pulmonary artery

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Congenital cardiac anomaly that results in persistent vascular communication between the aorta and he pulmonary artery

Patent ductus arteriosus

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Perineal hernia

Herniation of abdominal contents through the pelvic diaphragm, resulting in swelling on either side of the anus

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Herniation of abdominal contents through the pelvic diaphragm, resulting in swelling on either side of the anus

Perineal hernia