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Flashcards in Pig Lameness Deck (19):
1

What are 3 most common lameness problems in neonates?

Foot lesions
Splay leg
Crushing (trauma)

2

What are 5 most common lameness problems in suckling pigs?

Foot lesions
Joint ill
Knee erosion
Tenosynovitis
Trauma

3

What are 5 most common lameness problems in weaners?

Infectious arthritis (Glasser's, strep suis, staph hyicus, myocplasma hyicus)
Trauma
Foot lesions
Neurological lameness
Ricketts

4

What are 6 most common causes of lameness in Growers?

Fresh infectious arthritis (mycoplasma hyosynoviae)
Consequences of previous infectious arthritis
Bursitis
Trauma
Foot lesions
Neurological lameness

5

What are 7 most common causes of lameness in Finishers?

Osteochondrosis dessicans
Mycoplasma hyosynoviae
Erysipelas
Bursitis
Trauma
Consequences of earlier lameness
Foot lesions

6

What are the 6 major causes of lameness in adult pigs? [30-35% of culling]

Erysipelas
Osteochondrosis
Foot lesions
Trauma
Osteitis
Osteoarthritis

7

What is the most common foot lesion of neonates?
What environmental factor can increase occurence of lesions?

Bruising
They have "cartilaginous slippers" at birth
bruising peaks @ 6-8 days, gone by 14

New flooring can increase foot lesions

8

What is the most common foot lesion in suckling pigs?

Erosions of the sole
(accompanies bruising as neonate)

9

What 2 bacteria cause joint ill in suckling pigs?

Streptococci suis type 1
E. coli (environmental)

10

How do pigs get joint ill?

Get strep suis (1) or e. coli into open wound early in life (ex- through navel, teeth clipping, tail docking, injury)

11

What is tenosynovitis?

Inflammation of the tendon sheath

12

Name 4 causes of infectious arthritis in weaners

Glasser's disease (h. parasuis), Strep. suis, Staph hyicus, Mycoplasma hyorhinis

Glasser's and S. suis associated w/ fever and mortality

13

What causes a fresh infection - of infectious arthritis in grower pigs?

Mycoplasma hyorhinis

14

Describe mycoplasma hyorhinis infection in grower pigs, including Dx and Tx.

Oronasal infection @ 10-12 weeks
pigs limp or shift weight
clear yellowish joint fluid
Dx- Confirm by bacterial isolation or serology
Tx - tiamulin, lincomycin, tetracyclines, NSAIDs

15

What is bursitis and in what age group of pigs does it begin to occur?

Growers
Very common!
arises when pigs are housed on solid floors or slats - new bone growth b/c constant pressure, and creates swelling.
can cause reduction in carcass yield

16

What is OCD and what kind of pigs are at risk?

[osteochondrosis dessicans]
Incomplete ossification of growth plate cartilage.
Heavy, rapidly growing pigs at risk

17

What are 4 common foot lesions in adults?

Laminitis
Footrot / bush foot
Overgrowth or deformity of claws
Erosive foot lesions

18

How do you manage a lame sow?

ID cause of lameness
Determine if able to recover
Separate pen
Provide warmth and bedding, food, water w/in reach
Do not send to boar
Help stand up every now and again

19

What do you call a fake noodle?

An impasta!!!!!