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Flashcards in Poisoning Deck (63)
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SUBSTANCES POORLY ADSORBED BY ACTIVATED CHARCOAL

Alcohols
  Caustics: alkalis and acids
  Cyanide
  Heavy metals (e.g., lead)
  Hydrocarbons
  Iron
  Lithium

- Charcoal is most likely to be effective when given within 1 hr of ingestion

1

Give the antidote to the ff toxin/poison:

Black widow spider

Latrodectus antivenin

2

Give the antidote to the ff toxin/poison:
Botulinum toxin

Botulin antitoxin

3

Give the antidote to the ff toxin/poison:
Calcium channel antagonists

Glucagon and/or insulin and glucose

4

Give the antidote to the ff toxin/poison:
Dystonic reactions

Diphenhydramine and/or benztropine

5

Give the antidote to the ff toxin/poison:
Fluoride, calcium channel blockers

Calcium salts

6

Give the antidote to the ff toxin/poison:
Heparin

Protamine

7

Give the antidote to the ff toxin/poison:
Methotrexate, trimethoprim, pyrimethamine

Folinic acid

8

Give the antidote to the ff toxin/poison:
Rattlesnake envenomation

Crotab-specific Fab antibodies

9

Give the antidote to the ff toxin/poison:
Sodium channel blockade (tricyclic antidepressants, type 1 antiarrhythmics)

Sodium bicarbonate

10


What poison/toxin is associated with the following PE finding?

Odor of Bitter almonds

Cyanide

11

What poison/toxin is associated with the following PE finding?
Odor of acetone

Isopropyl alcohol, methanol, paraldehyde, salicylates

12

What poison/toxin is associated with the following PE finding?
Odor of Alcohol

Ethanol

13

What poison/toxin is associated with the following PE finding?
Odor of Wintergreen

Methyl salicylate

14

What poison/toxin is associated with the following PE finding?
Odor of Garlic

Arsenic, thallium, organophosphates, selenium

15

Toxin associated with the ff OCULAR SIGNS:
Miosis

Opioids (except propoxyphene, meperidine, and pentazocine), organophosphates and other cholinergics, clonidine, phenothiazines, sedative-hypnotics, olanzapine

16

Toxin associated with the ff OCULAR SIGNS:
Mydriasis

Atropine, cocaine, amphetamines, antihistamines, TCAs, carbamazepine, serotonin syndrome, PCP, LSD, post-anoxic encephalopathy

17

Toxin associated with the ff OCULAR SIGNS:
Nystagmus

Phenytoin, barbiturates, sedative-hypnotics, alcohols, carbamazepine, PCP, ketamine, dextromethorphan

18

Toxin associated with the ff OCULAR SIGNS:
Lacrimation

Organophosphates, irritant gas or vapors

19

Toxin associated with the ff OCULAR SIGNS:
Retinal hyperemia

Methanol

20

Cutaneous signs manifested with ingestion of the ff toxins:

Organophosphates, salicylates, cocaine and other sympathomimetics, serotonin syndrome, withdrawal syndromes

Diaphoresis

21

Cutaneous signs manifested with ingestion of the ff toxins:

Thallium, arsenic

Alopecia

22

Cutaneous signs manifested with ingestion of the ff toxins:

Boric acid, elemental mercury, cyanide, carbon monoxide, disulfuram, scombroid, anticholinergics

Erythema

23

Cutaneous signs manifested with ingestion of the ff toxins:

Methemoglobinemia (e.g., benzocaine, dapsone, nitrites, phenazopyridine), amiodarone, silver

Cyanosis (unresponsive to oxygen)

24

Oral signs manifested with ingestion of the ff toxin:

Organophosphates, salicylates, corrosives, ketamine, PCP, strychnine

Salivation

25

Oral signs manifested with ingestion of the ff toxin:

Corrosives, oxalate-containing plants

Oral Burns

26

Oral signs manifested with ingestion of the ff toxin:

Lead, mercury, arsenic, bismuth

Gum lines

27

GI symptom associated with ingestion of the ff toxin:

Antimicrobials, arsenic, iron, boric acid, cholinergics, colchicine, withdrawal

Diarrhea

28

GI symptom associated with ingestion of the ff toxin:

Arsenic, iron, caustics, NSAIDs, salicylates

Hematemesis

29

Cardiac signs associated with ingestion of the ff toxins:

Sympathomimetics (e.g., amphetamines, cocaine), anticholinergics, antidepressants, theophylline, caffeine, antipsychotics, atropine, salicylates, cellular asphyxiants (cyanide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide), withdrawal

Tachycardia