Developmental Milestones Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Developmental Milestones Deck (104):
0

Holds head steady while sitting

Average age of attainment?
Developmental domain?

2 mo, gross motor


- Allows more visual interaction

1

Pulls to sit, with no head lag

Average age of attainment?
Developmental domain?

3 mos, gross motor

Muscle tone

2

Brings hands together in midline

Average age of attainment?
Developmental domain?

3 mos, gross motor

- Self-discovery of hands

3

Asymmetric tonic neck reflex gone

4 mos, gross motor

- Can inspect hands in midline

4

Sits without support

6 mos, gross motor

- Increasing exploration

5

Rolls back to stomach

6.5 mos, gross motor

- Truncal flexion, risk of falls

6

Walks alone

12 mos, gross motor

- Exploration, control of proximity to parents

7

Runs

16 mos, gross motor

- Supervision more difficult

8

Grasps rattle

3.5 mos, fine motor

- Object use

9

Reaches for objects

4 mos, fine motor

- Visuomotor coordination

10

Palmar grasp gone

4 mos, fine motor

- Voluntary release

11

Transfers object hand to hand

5.5 mos, fine motor

- Comparison of objects

12

Thumb-finger grasp

8 mos, fine motor

- Able to explore small objects

13

Turns pages of book

12 mos, fine motor

- Increasing autonomy during book time

14

Scribbles

13 mos, fine motor

- Visuomotor coordination

15

Builds tower of 2 cubes

15 mos, fine motor

- Uses objects in combination

16

Builds tower of 6 cubes

22 mos, fine motor

- Requires visual, gross, and fine motor coordination

17

Smiles in response to face, voice

1.5 mos, communication and language

- More active social participant

18

Monosyllabic babble

6 mos, communication and language

- Experimentation with sound, tactile sense

19

Inhibits to “no”

7 mos, communication and language

Response to tone (nonverbal)

20

Follows one-step command with gesture

7 mos, communication and language

- Nonverbal communication

21

Follows one-step command without gesture

10 mos, communication and language

- Verbal receptive language (e.g., “Give it to me”)

22

Says “mama” or “dada”

10 mos, communication and language

- Expressive language

23

Points to objects

10 mos, communication and language

- Interactive communication

24

Speaks first real word

12 mos, communication and language

- Beginning of labeling

25

Speaks 4-6 words

15 mos, communication and language

- Acquisition of object and personal names

26

Speaks 10-15 words

18 mos, communication of language

- Acquisition of object and personal names

27

Speaks 2-word sentences (e.g., “Mommy shoe”)

19 mos, communication and language

- Beginning grammaticization, corresponds with 50 word vocabulary

28

Stares momentarily at spot where object disappeared

2 mos, cognitive

- Lack of object permanence (out of sight, out of mind [e.g., yarn ball dropped])

29

Stares at own hand

4 mos, cognitive

- Self-discovery, cause and effect

30

Bangs 2 cubes

8 mos, cognitive

- Active comparison of objects

31

Uncovers toy (after seeing it hidden)

8 mos, cognitive

- Object permanence

32

Egocentric symbolic play (e.g., pretends to drink from cup)

12 mos, cognitive

- Beginning symbolic thought

33

Uses stick to reach toy

17 mos, cognitive

- Able to link actions to solve problems

34

Pretend play with doll (e.g., gives doll bottle)

17 mos, cognitive

- Symbolic thought

35

Prone: Lies in flexed attitude; turns head from side to side; head sags on ventral suspension

Neonatal period (<1 mo)

36

Supine: Generally flexed and a little stiff

<1 mo

37

Visual: May fixate face on light in line of vision; “doll's-eye” movement of eyes on turning of the body

<1 mo

38

Reflex: Moro response active; stepping and placing reflexes; grasp reflex active

< 1 mo

39

Social: Visual preference for human face

< 1 mo

40

Prone: Legs more extended; holds chin up; turns head; head lifted momentarily to plane of body on ventral suspension

1 mo

41

Supine: Tonic neck posture predominates; supple and relaxed; head lags when pulled to sitting position

1 mo

42

Visual: Watches person; follows moving object

1 mo

43

Social: Body movements in cadence with voice of other in social contact; beginning to smile

1 mo

44

Prone: Raises head slightly farther; head sustained in plane of body on ventral suspension

2 mo

45

Supine: Tonic neck posture predominates; head lags when pulled to sitting position

2 mos

46

Visual: Follows moving object 180 degrees

2 mos

47

Social: Smiles on social contact; listens to voice and coos

2 mos

48

Prone: Lifts head and chest with arms extended; head above plane of body on ventral suspension

3 mos

49

Supine: Tonic neck posture predominates; reaches toward and misses objects; waves at toy

3 mos

50

Sitting: Head lag partially compensated when pulled to sitting position; early head control with bobbing motion; back rounded

3 mos

51

Reflex: Typical Moro response has not persisted; makes defensive movements or selective withdrawal reactions

3 mos

52

Social: Sustained social contact; listens to music; says “aah, ngah”

3 mos

53

Prone: Lifts head and chest, with head in approximately vertical axis; legs extended

4 mos

54

Supine: Symmetric posture predominates, hands in midline; reaches and grasps objects and brings them to mouth

4 mos

55

Sitting: No head lag when pulled to sitting position; head steady, tipped forward; enjoys sitting with full truncal support

4 mos

56

Standing: When held erect, pushes with feet

4 mos

57

Adaptive: Sees pellet, but makes no move to reach for it

4 mos

58

Social: Laughs out loud; may show displeasure if social contact is broken; excited at sight of food

4 mos

59

Prone: Rolls over; pivots; crawls or creep-crawls (Knobloch)

7 mos

60

Supine: Lifts head; rolls over; squirms

7 mos

61

Sitting: Sits briefly, with support of pelvis; leans forward on hands; back rounded

7 mos

62

Standing: May support most of weight; bounces actively

7 mos

63

Adaptive: Reaches out for and grasps large object; transfers objects from hand to hand; grasp uses radial palm; rakes at pellet

7 mos

64

Language: Forms polysyllabic vowel sounds

7 mos

65

Social: Prefers mother; babbles; enjoys mirror; responds to changes in emotional content of social contact

7 mos

66

Sitting: Sits up alone and indefinitely without support, with back straight

10 mos

67

Standing: Pulls to standing position; “cruises” or walks holding on to furniture

10 mos

68

Motor: Creeps or crawls

10 mos

69

Adaptive: Grasps objects with thumb and forefinger; pokes at things with forefinger; picks up pellet with assisted pincer movement; uncovers hidden toy; attempts to retrieve dropped object; releases object grasped by other person

10 mos

70

Language: Repetitive consonant sounds (“mama,” “dada”)

10 mos

71

Social: Responds to sound of name; plays peek-a-boo or pat-a-cake; waves bye-bye

10 mos

72

Motor: Walks with one hand held (48 wk); rises independently, takes several steps (Knobloch)

1 yr

73

Adaptive: Picks up pellet with unassisted pincer movement of forefinger and thumb; releases object to other person on request or gesture

1 yr

74

Language: Says a few words besides “mama,” “dada”

1 yr

75

Social: Plays simple ball game; makes postural adjustment to dressing

1 yr

76

Motor: Walks alone; crawls up stairs

15 mos

77

Adaptive: Makes tower of 3 cubes; makes a line with crayon; inserts raisin in bottle

15 mos

78

Language: Jargon; follows simple commands; may name a familiar object (e.g., ball); responds to his/her name

15 mos

79

Social: Indicates some desires or needs by pointing; hugs parents

15 mos

80

Motor: Runs stiffly; sits on small chair; walks up stairs with one hand held; explores drawers and wastebaskets

18 mos

81

Adaptive: Makes tower of 4 cubes; imitates scribbling; imitates vertical stroke; dumps raisin from bottle

18 mos

82

Language: 10 words (average); names pictures; identifies one or more parts of body

18 mos

83

Social: Feeds self; seeks help when in trouble; may complain when wet or soiled; kisses parent with pucker

18 mos

84

Motor: Runs well, walks up and down stairs, one step at a time; opens doors; climbs on furniture; jumps

24 mos

85

Adaptive: Makes tower of 7 cubes (6 at 21 mo); scribbles in circular pattern; imitates horizontal stroke; folds paper once imitatively

24 mos

86

Language: Puts 3 words together (subject, verb, object)

24 mos

87

Social: Handles spoon well; often tells about immediate experiences; helps to undress; listens to stories when shown pictures

24 mos

88

Motor: Goes up stairs alternating feet

30 mos (2.5 yo)

89

Adaptive: Makes tower of 9 cubes; makes vertical and horizontal strokes, but generally will not join them to make cross; imitates circular stroke, forming closed figure

30 mos (2.5 yo)

90

Language: Refers to self by pronoun “I”; knows full name

30 mos (2.5 yo)

91

Social: Helps put things away; pretends in play

30 mos (2.5 yo)

92

Motor: Rides tricycle; stands momentarily on one foot

36 mos (3 yo)

93

Adaptive: Makes tower of 10 cubes; imitates construction of “bridge” of 3 cubes; copies circle; imitates cross

36 mos (3yo)

94

Language: Knows age and sex; counts 3 objects correctly; repeats 3 numbers or a sentence of 6 syllables; most of speech intelligible to strangers

36 mos (3 yo)

95

Social: Plays simple games (in “parallel” with other children); helps in dressing (unbuttons clothing and puts on shoes); washes hands

36 mos (3 yo)

96

Motor: Hops on one foot; throws ball overhand; uses scissors to cut out pictures; climbs well

48 mos (4 yo)

97

Adaptive: Copies bridge from model; imitates construction of “gate” of 5 cubes; copies cross and square; draws man with 2 to 4 parts besides head; identifies longer of 2 lines

48 mos (4yo)

98

Language: Counts 4 pennies accurately; tells story

48 mos (4 yo)

99

Social: Plays with several children, with beginning of social interaction and role-playing; goes to toilet alone

48 mos (4 yo)

100

Motor: Skips

60 mos (5 yo)

101

Adaptive: Draws triangle from copy; names heavier of 2 weights

60 mos (5 yo)

102

Language: Names 4 colors; repeats sentence of 10 syllables; counts 10 pennies correctly

60 mos (5 yo)

103

Social: Dresses and undresses; asks questions about meaning of words; engages in domestic role-playing

60 mos (5 yo)