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Flashcards in Political Parties Stuff Deck (27):
1

caucus

An alternative to a state primary in which party followers meet to select party candidates.

2

congressional campaign committee

Separate committees in Congress for each political party to help members or would-be members running for election.

3

direct primary

A proposal originated by progressive reformers that permits a vote of party members to select the party’s nominee in the general election.

4

economic-protest parties

Parties that protest against depressed economic conditions.

5

factional parties

Parties that are created by a split in a major party.

6

first party system

The original party structure in which political parties were loose caucuses of political notables in various locations.

7

ideological party

A political party organization that values principle above all else. Spurns money incentives.

8

initiative

Allows a law to be enacted directly by vote of the people without approval of a legislative body.

9

mugwumps (or progressives)

One of two major factions, largely within the Republican Party: opposed the heavy emphasis on patronage and disliked the party machinery.

10

national chair

The person responsible for managing the day-to-day work of a national political party.

11

national committee

Delegates from each state and territory who manage party affairs between national conventions.

12

national party convention

The ultimate authority in both major political parties in the United States.

13

Old Guard

One of two major factions, largely within the Republican party, preoccupied with building up the party machinery, developing party loyalty, and acquiring and dispensing patronage.

14

one-issue parties

Parties seeking a single policy.

15

personal following

A type of local party organization in which a candidate gets people to work for them for a campaign, then the organization disbands until the next election.

16

plurality system

An electoral system in which the winner is that person who gets the most votes, even without a majority of the votes.

17

political machine

A political party organization that recruits its members with tangible incentives, and displays a high degree of leadership over members’ activities.

18

political party

A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office.

19

second party system

The second party structure, built from the ground-up for political participation.

20

solidary group

A political party organization based on gregarious or game-loving instincts.

21

solidary incentive

An inducement that attracts people out of gregarious or game-loving instincts.

22

special interest caucus

A group within a political party united by a concern over a specific cause.

23

sponsored party

A political party organization created or sponsored by another organization.

24

superdelegates

Elected officials and party leaders present at the national convention of the Democratic party.

25

two-party system

An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in state or national elections.

26

unit rule

A requirement that all delegates representing a state at a national party convention vote with the majority of their state delegation.

27

winner-take-all system

An element of the electoral system used in the United States which precludes proportional representation.