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Flashcards in Interest Group Flashcards Deck (18):
1

cue (political)

A signal that tells a politician what values are at stake in an issue and how that issue fits into their own political beliefs.

2

direct mail

An interest group mailing focused at a specialized audience, whose purpose is both to raise money and mobilize supporters.

3

Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act of 1946

A law which required groups and individuals seeking to influence legislation to register with the Senate and the House of Representatives. Quarterly financial reports on expenses were also to be filed.

4

ideological interest group

An organization that attracts members by appealing to their interests on a coherent set of sometimes controversial principles.

5

incentive

Something of value offered by mass-membership organizations to get people to join, exclusive to members.

6

institutional interests

Individuals or organizations representing other organizations.

7

interest group

An organization that seeks to influence public policy.

8

lobby

A group that attempts to influence government decisions, especially legislation.

9

lobbyist

A person who engages in lobbying.

10

material incentive

Something tangible, such as money or services, which attracts people to join mass-membership organizations.

11

membership interests

A type of interest group that represents the interests of its members.

12

pluralistic political system

A description of the U.S. political system contending that the policy-making process encompasses the effective competition of interest groups.

13

political action committee

An organization which finances candidates and may lobby, though limited to a $5000 maximum.

14

public interest lobby

An interest group whose efforts significantly benefit nonmembers.

15

purposive incentive

An incentive to join a mass-membership organization based on the appeal of the group’s goal(s).

16

ratings

An evaluation supplied by some interest groups that ranks legislators on their degree of support for a particular cause.

17

social movement

A widely shared demand for change in some aspect of the social or political order.

18

solidary incentive

An inducement to join a mass membership organization based on the sense of pleasure, status, or companionship derived from membership.