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Flashcards in Congress Vocab Deck (59)
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1

attitudinal view of representation

The theory that members of Congress vote according to their own beliefs.

2

bicameral legislature

A legislative assembly composed of two separate houses.

3

caucus (congressional)

An association of members of Congress created to advocate a political ideology, constituency, or a specific interest.

4

Christmas tree bill

A bill with many riders.

5

closed rule

Limitation imposed by the Rules Committee of the House on the amount of debate time for a bill and on the introduction of amendments.

6

cloture rule

Rule 22 of the Senate, providing for the end of debate on a bill if sixty senators agree.

7

Committee of the Whole

A device used in the House to expedite the passage of legislation by lowering the quorum and dividing debate time for a bill equally.

8

concurrent resolution

A resolution used to settle matters that affect both houses. Not signed by the president and does not have the force of law.

9

conference committee

A joint committee appointed to resolve differences in House/Senate versions of a piece of legislation.

10

Congress

A meeting place of constituent-representatives who can initiate, modify, approve, or reject laws.

11

Congressional Budget Office

An agency created to give Congress economic advice for spending programs, to provide cost information of proposed policies, and to analyze the president’s budget proposal.

12

Congressional Research Service

A Service which responds to congressional requests for information and keeps track of all important legislation.

13

conservative coalition

A vote in Congress where conservative Democrats join with Republicans.

14

descriptive representation

A term referring to the statistical correspondence of the demographic characteristics of representatives with those of their constituents.

15

discharge petition

A procedure for removing legislation from the control of a committee and bringing it to the floor for immediate consideration.

16

division vote

A method of voting used in both houses in which members stand and are counted.

17

double-tracking

A way to keep the Senate going during a filibuster by shelving the bill so that the Senate may continue.

18

filibuster

A prolonged talk made to delay action on legislation in the Senate.

19

franking privilege

The ability of members of Congress to send mail free of charge.

20

General Accounting Office

An office performing routine audits of the money spent by executive departments.

21

gerrymandering

Drawing congressional district lines in an unusual shape to give a voting advantage to one party.

22

honoraria

Speaking fees accepted by members of Congress, limited or forbidden.

23

joint committee

Committee on which both representatives and senators serve.

24

joint resolution

A resolution requiring full Congress approval and the signature of the president, with the same legal status as law.

25

majority leader

The legislative leader elected by party members of the majority in the House of Representatives or the Senate.

26

majority-minority districts

Congressional districts drawn to give the minority more voting power.

27

malapportionment

The creation of congressional districts in a state which are of unequal size, ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

28

marginal district

A congressional district in which the winner of the general election gets less than 55 percent of the vote.

29

mark-up

Revisions and additions to legislation made by committees and subcommittees.

30

minority leader

The head of the minority party in each house of Congress chosen by the caucus of the minority party.