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Flashcards in Poltical Participation Cards Deck (20):
1

activist

An individual who actively promotes a political cause.

2

Australian ballot

An election ballot of uniform size printed by the government and cast in secret.

3

campaigners

People who not only vote but like to get involved in campaign activities as well.

4

communalists

People who tend to reserve their energies for community activities.

5

complete activists

People who are highly educated, have high incomes, and participate in all forms of politics.

6

Fifteenth Amendment

The constitutional amendment that guaranteed the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous condition of slavery.

7

grandfather clause

A state law allowing people to vote, even if they did not meet legal requirements, if an ancestor had voted before 1867.

8

inactives

People who rarely vote, do not get involved in organizations, and do not even talk much about politics.

9

literacy test

A state law requiring potential voters to demonstrate reading skills.

10

motor-voter bill

A law passed by Congress in 1993 that allowed people to register to vote when applying for a driver’s license.

11

Nineteenth Amendment

An amendment to the Constitution allowing women the right to vote.

12

parochial participants

People who do not participate in political activity, but will contact local officials about specific problems.

13

poll tax

A state tax paid prior to voting.

14

registered voters

People who are eligible to vote in an election and who have signed up with the government to vote.

15

Twenty-sixth Amendment

The 1971 constitutional amendment that lowered the voting age in both state and federal elections to eighteen.

16

Twenty-third Amendment

The 1961 constitutional amendment permitting residents of Washington, D.C., to vote in presidential elections.

17

Voting Rights Act of 1965

The federal law that suspended the use of literacy tests in elections/authorized federal examiners to order the registration of blacks in regions with less than half the voting age population registered to vote.

18

voting age population

The percentage of people in a country who are eligible to vote because they satisfy the minimum age requirement.

19

voting specialists

People who vote but participate in little else politically.

20

white primary

The exclusion of blacks from voting in the primary elections of political parties.