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Flashcards in The Presidency Flashcards Deck (31):
1

ad hoc structure

A method in which the president organizes the White House staff by employing task forces, committees, and informal groups of friends. Everyone reports directly to the president.

2

Budget Reform Act of 1974

An Act-by Congress to control presidential impoundments- which requires the president to spend all appropriated funds, and must consult Congress to not spend all funds.

3

cabinet

The heads of the fourteen major executive departments who meet to discuss matters with the president.

4

circular structure

A way the president organizes the White House staff so that they report directly to the president.

5

delegate representation

The representative is expected to act in accord with the preferences of their constituents.

6

direct democracy

A form of democracy in which the people legislate for themselves.

7

divided government

A government in which one party controls the presidency and a different party controls Congress.

8

Electoral College

The body that formally selects the president, giving each state electoral votes equal to the number of its representatives and senators in Congress.

9

executive agencies

Federal agencies that are part of the executive branch but outside the structure of the cabinet departments.

10

Executive Office of the President

Executive agencies whose purpose is to perform staff services for the president and report to him directly.

11

executive privilege

A claim by the president that consultations with advisers are confidential and need not be disclosed to the courts or Congress.

12

impeachment

A formal charging of a public official with misconduct in office, requiring a two-thirds Senate conviction.

13

implied powers

Powers not specified in the Constitution which the president claims: asserted by virtue of office.

14

Impoundment

The refusal of the president to spend money appropriated by Congress.

15

lame duck

A politician whose power has been diminished because he or she is about to leave office due to defeat or embarrassment.

16

legislative veto

A method where one or both houses may block a proposed executive action: declared unconstitutional in 1981.

17

line-item veto

This allows the president to approve some provisions of a bill and disapprove others. Declared unconstitutional.

18

Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

A federal agency which assembles and analyzes the national budget submitted to Congress by the president.

19

perks

The fringe benefits of office.

20

pocket veto

A way for a president to disapprove a bill passed by Congress, if the president does not sign the bill within ten days of receiving it, and Congress has adjourned within that time.

21

presidential coattails

Allows Congress candidates to ride into office via a president's popularity.

22

prime minister

The head of government in a parliamentary system. Chosen by the legislature.

23

pyramid structure

A method in which the president organizes the White House staff so that assistants report through a hierarchy to a chief of staff.

24

representative democracy

A form of government in which the people elect representatives.

25

rescissions

Presidential recommendations to cut parts of appropriations bills.

26

trustee representation

A representative acts on his or her judgment, and then explains those judgments to the people.

27

Twenty-fifth Amendment

An amendment ratified in 1967 which provides that the vice president is to serve as acting president whenever the president is unable to serve, for various reasons.

28

Twenty-second Amendment

An amendment ratified in 1951 which limits presidents to two terms of office.

29

unified government

A government in which the same party controls the presidency and both houses of Congress.

30

veto message

A statement the president sends to Congress accompanying a refusal to sign a bill passed by both houses.

31

White House Office

Personal assistants to the president with offices in the White House.