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Flashcards in Postlab quiz 3 Deck (94)
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1

What is glomerulonephritis

A group of diseases that refers to the injury to the glomeruli

2

What is the glomeruli

part of the kidney that filters excess fluid, electrolytes and waste from blood and pass them into urine)

3

Can glomerulonephritis be chronic and acute

yes

4

What are the signs of acute glomerulonephritis (how does it come on)

sudden attack of inflammation

5

What are the signs of chronic glomerulonephritis (how does it come on)

comes on gradually

6

What causes glomerulonepheritis

infections
immune diseases
vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels)
sometimes hereditary

7

When does a hereditary case of glomerlonepheritis show up

in young men who may also have hearing lose and vision loss

8

Primary glomerulonephritits can be primary or secondary, what do these terms mean

Primary means it shows up on its own
secondary means it is caused by another disease

9

Signs and symptoms of acute glomerulonepheritis(5)

Puffiness of face and legs
blood in urine or brown urine
urinating less than usual
short of breath and cough because of extra fluid in lungs
high blood pressure

10

Signs and symptoms of chronic glomerulonepheritis(5)

blood or protein in urine (hematuria, proteinuria)
high blood pressure
swelling of your ankles or face (edema)
frequent nighttime urination
very bubbly or foamy urine

11

What does chronic glomerulonepheritis often lead to

complete kidney failure

12

Symptoms of kidney failure (6)

lack of appetite
nausea and vomiting
tiredness
difficulty sleeping
dry and itchy skin
nighttime muscle cramps

13

Goal of treatment of glomerulonepheritis

chronic: protect kidneys from further damage

14

Treatment options for glomerulonepherits (8)

eat less protein, salt and potassium
control your blood pressure
take diuretics to treat puffiness and swelling
take calcium supplements
corticosteroids and immune-supressing drugs
dialysis
kidney transplant
plasmapheresis

15

Ways to lower blood pressure

Angiotensin-converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitors
Diuretics
angiotensin II receptor blockers

16

Prognosis for glomerlonepheritis (acute)

if caught early it can be temporary and reversible

17

Prognosis for glomerlonepheritis (chronic)

May be slowed with early treatment

18

If glomerlonepheritis worsens it could result in (3)

reduced kidney function
chronic kidney failure
end-stage renal disease

19

These are the chief regulators of the internal environment of the body

kidney

20

Kidneys regulate the following

concentration of ions
water
pH of various bodily fluids

21

Two main structures of the kidney

glomerulus
renal tubule

22

What is left out of the ultra filtrate

large molecues, MW greater than 70000

23

What did we use to analyze the abnormal urine

labstix

24

What did we use the urnometer cylinder for

determining specific gravity

25

What is the normal range of urine specific gravity

1.0015 to 1.035

26

What is the urine temperature suppose to be at in the urinometer

15 C

27

What do you do if your samples temperature is above ore below the correct temperature

Add 0.001 for each 3C above
subtract 0.001 for each 3c below

28

These give information about the state of hydration or dehydration of the body

volume of urine produced
specific gravity

29

What is the name of the formula that must be used to standardize the amount of liquid that should be drank by men and women in the study

Nadler formula

30

What does the Nadler formula solve for

blood volume