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Flashcards in Poultry Production Deck (49)
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0

What are the two main purposes for poultry production

-production of poultry meat
-broiler/fryer industry
-production of eggs
-layer industry

1

What are the broiler industry leading states

-Georgia
-Arkansas
-Alabama
-Mississippi

2

What are the egg production leading states

-Iowa
-Ohio
-Pennsylvania
-California

3

What are the top country producers

-United States
-China
-Brazil

4

What is a fowl

Any bird

5

What is a pullet

A female less that 1 year of age

6

What is a hen

Female over 1 year of age

7

What is a cockerel

Male less than one year of age

8

What is a rooster

Male over 1 year of age

9

What is a capon

Castrated male

10

What is a clutch

Group of eggs accumulated by a hen to set to incubate

11

What is a brood

Group of baby chicks

12

What is a molt

Annual shedding of feathers-end of laying season-light reflex

13

Describe the mouth.

They have a beak and a barbed tongue

14

What does the esophagus or gullet do

Joins the crop.

15

What does the crop do

A specialized area of the esophagus and it's job is to store good

16

What is the proventriculus

Stomach

17

Describe the gizzard and it's function

Muscular organ that aids in the grinding of food. Feed gravel that stays I'm gizzard that helps break down food

18

What is the function of the small intestine

Important for digestion and the absorption of nutrients

19

What is the function of the ceca

Junction where the small intestine meets the large intestine

20

What is the Rectum or cloaca

Chamber that is common to the digestive tract, urinary tract, and reproductive tract

21

Describe the ovaries of the female

Hens have two ovaries as they develop then the right disappears. The left stays and develops

22

What is the oviduct

They have two oviducts as they develop then the right disappears. The left stays and develops

23

What is the magnum

Produces the egg white or albumen

24

What is the isthmus

Puts on the shell membrane. Fresh eggs are hard to peel due to the membrane

25

What is the uterus

Produces the egg shell that is made out of calcium carbonate

26

What is the function of the vagina

Puts down cuticle that is a protective covering of the egg that protects the shell.

27

How long does it take to produce an egg

27 hours

28

Where are the testes and how many to roosters have

They have two testes that are located under the back of the body just under the ribs

29

What does the epididymis do

-transport
-maturation
-storage
-concentrates sperm