Chapter 6- Dairy And Meat Goat Industry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6- Dairy And Meat Goat Industry Deck (23)
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0

Name a few things about goats

-existed 5 million years ago
-large economic value in tropical world
-people consume more goat's milk than cow's milk in the world

1

How many goats are in the world

868 million

2

How many goats are in Asia

516 million

3

How many goats are in Africa

295 million

4

How many goats are in the us

3.1 million

5

What is a chevon

Goat meat

6

What is a cabrito

Young goat meat

7

What is the gestation length

145-155 days or 5 months minus 5 days

8

How long is the estrous cycle

21 days

9

How long is the estrus

32-40 hours

10

What is the age at puberty

120-365 days (average 5-6 months)

11

What is the normal breeding season

Late summer, early fall

12

What are the size of the kids

1.5-11 lbs (average 5.5 lbs)

13

How big are does

40-190 lbs (average 130 lbs)

14

How big are bucks

50-300 lbs (average 160 lbs)

15

Give characteristics of goats milk

Color-white
Milk fat-smaller globules does not rise easily into cream layer
Milk digestibility- more easily digested by people
Softer curd-special cheeses
Volume/milking-1/2 gallon-1 gallon
Flavor-picks up odors and flavors easily

16

How long is the goats lactation

305 days

17

How many times are goats milked

2

18

How long are goats milked

7-10 months

19

Describe the breeding season of goats

-they are seasonal breeders
-estrous cycle in fall

20

Explain feeding

-colostrum for newborn kids
-raised on milk or milk replacer

21

Explain weaning

-developed on roughage and concentrates

22

What are kids and buck

Kids are disbudded and bucks are harvested at less than 2 months