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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Outline- overview Deck (63)
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Live animals are used for

Milk, fiber, draft, transportation, sport, work, and pleasure

1

Meat by products are

Glue, medicine, fertilizer, catgut, chemicals, and leather

2

A 3 oz serving of roast beef has what percent of caloric needs

8% of daily caloric needs

3

Roast beef has what percent of daily protein

57%

4

Roast beef has what percent vitamin B 12 and what is it useful for

34% and important for hemoglobin in red blood cells

5

Roast beef has what percent of daily zinc

32%

6

Roast beef has what percent of niacin

18%

7

Roast beef has what percent of iron and why is it important

12% and plays a role with hemoglobin

8

Roast beef has how many mg of cholesterol?

72mg

9

A generation ago, what was animal science called

Animal Husbandry

10

What are the two differences between animal husbandry and animal science

1. The production of healthy livestock was more an art than a science
2. Skills were passed down one generation to the next

11

Livestock producers

1. Usually college educated
2. Rely on science-based, proven facts
3. Profit margins are small
4. Record keeping is essential

12

Producers have what responsibilities

1. Preserve what is left of our natural resources
2. Only 2% of the voting public directly involved with agriculture
3. Producers must constantly defend their use of limited resources
4. City people are in competition for natural resources.

13

About how many species of animals are there?

1.5 million

14

What percent of living animals represent all the animals that have ever existed

Less than 1%

15

About how many species of mammals exist today

More than 15,000

16

What kind of relationship do domestic animals and humans have

Synergistic reltionship

17

What do domesticated animals provide humans with

Food, fiber, transportation, and draft power

18

Who and in what year brought horses, cattle, sheep, and hogs

Columbus in 1493

19

Who and in what year brought pigs from Cuba to Florida

Hernando de Soto in 1539

20

Where and in what year were sheep imported

Jamestown in 1609

21

Who and in what year were horses brought over

Spanish and 1600

22

What were the animals imported from Europe used for

Milk, butter, and draft

23

Who helped develop purebred herds in the east

George Washington and Thomas Jefferson

24

Following the American Revolution, where did the livestock move

West

25

What other herds of anima were created by similar movements

Cattle, sheep, goats, and horses at missions in the Spanish territory

26

Where were large herds marketed before the civil war

To the east for hides and tallow through slaughter points in New Orleans

27

During the civil war, what happened to cattle herds

Eastern and Northern markets cut off and cattle multiplied in Texas.

28

What was the cost per head of cattle during the civil war

$3.00 to $6.00 in Texas
$30 to $60 in the north and east

29

What did the civil war lead to with the cattle beards

Trail drives from Texas to meet railroad lines in Kansas

10 million head of Longhorn