Practice Test MARCH 2007: Test 2 Flashcards Preview

RUSVM Physiology II > Practice Test MARCH 2007: Test 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Practice Test MARCH 2007: Test 2 Deck (10):
1

Of the following acids, which is weakest?
a. lactic
b. acetoacetic
c. carbonic
d. glycolic

Carbonic acid is weakest

2

An animal goes into ventricular fibrillation. What simple acid-base disorder is most likely to develop 1st?

Metabolic acidosis

3

Give plasma [HCO3-] = mEq/L and PCO2 = 50 mm Hg, which simple acid-base disorder is present?

Metabolic alkalosis

4

What happens to the anionic gap when isotonic saline is added to plasma?

It decreases

5

Why is glutamine removed from the bloodstream by proximal tubule cells?

Because glutamine is a urinary buffer

6

Each of the following is likely to develop as a result of abomasal volvulus in a dairy cow EXCEPT
a. lactic acidosis
b. ketoacidosis
c. hypochloridemia
d. metabolic alkalosis
e. hyperkalemia

e. Hyperkalemia

7

In the GI tract, which of the following primarily exerts its effect in paracrine fashion?

Serotonin

8

Each of the following exerts pronounced vasodilatory effect at the GI vasculature EXCEPT:
a. NE
b. NO
c. VIP
d. prostaglandins
e. ACh

a. NE

9

Which of the following is the BEST ESTIMATE of [H+] in the lumen of the glandular stomach?

0.1 M/L

10

Which of the following is the MOST ABUNDANT (M/L) solute in most primary GI tract secretions?

Cl-