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Flashcards in pregnancy Deck (32):
0

smoking is ___ for pre-eclampsia

protective

1

rate of C-section?

30%

2

risks of obesity in pregnancy

-difficult getting pregnant
-Deep Venous Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism
-preterm delivery
-C-section
-shoulder dystocia for baby
-stillbirth
- hypertensive disorders

3

rate of C-section for first birth?

20%

4

why are babies of diabetic moms big?

baby makes a lot of insulin to combat extra sugar (insulin doesn't cross the placenta), insulin functions as a growth factor

5

___ medications are commonly implicated as teratogens

anti-seizure

(also warferin/coumadin (blood thinners), ace inhibitors, retinoic acid)

7

"post-term" means

42 weeks

8

preterm is classified as

20 - 36 wk

9

term is considered between ___

37- 41 wk

9

when can you find a heart beat?

6 weeks

10

current limit of viability for preterm baby is around ...

24 wk

11

low Vitamin D may be associated with __

still birth, pre-term

12

how much more do you need to eat to support a fetus?

300-400 kcal

13

how much weight should you gain?

25 lbs

14

what medication is used to treat ectopic pregnancies?

Methotrexate, a chemotherapy agent

15

a common cause of a large gestational sac with nothing you can see is:

twins

17

tocolytics

medications used to suppress pre-term labor

17

preterm labor is responsible for what % of preterm deliveries?

45%
(leading cause, then ob intervention for maternal/fetal issues 30%)

18

preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is responsible for what % of preterm deliveries?

25%

19

if premature membrane rupture happens prior to ___ weeks, expectant management is recommended

34 weeks

20

placenta abruption

premature separation of a normally implanted placenta

21

eclampsia is the presence of new-onset ____ in a woman with preeclampsia

grand mal seizures

22

___ may actually extend the length of gestation/ prevent premature birth

obesity

23

placenta previa

placenta implants in lower prt of uterus, covers cervix, emergency

24

pprom vs prom

- preterm premature rupture of membranes (prior to 34 wk)
-- premature rupture (> 1 hr bf labor)

25

FGR

fetal growth restriction -- estimated weight is

26

smoking during pregnancy

birth defects, stillbirth, sudden infant death
FGR, prematurity

27

Fetal alcohol syndrome

FGR
microencephly
CNS abnormalitis
facial abnormalities

28

Pre eclampsia

hypernsive disorder of pregnancy
BP >>> 140/90 after 20wk of gestation

29

leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality

pre-eclampsia

30

critical time for drug teratogen effects on fetus

3-8 wk --> organ malformation
(before this abortion, after this funcitonal issues)

31

G, T-P-A-L =

Gravida (total # of pregnancies), Term births-Preterm births-Abortions/Miscarriages-Living children