Flashcards in pregnancy Deck (32):
smoking is ___ for pre-eclampsia
rate of C-section?
risks of obesity in pregnancy
-difficult getting pregnant
-Deep Venous Thrombosis, Pulmonary Embolism
-shoulder dystocia for baby
- hypertensive disorders
rate of C-section for first birth?
why are babies of diabetic moms big?
baby makes a lot of insulin to combat extra sugar (insulin doesn't cross the placenta), insulin functions as a growth factor
___ medications are commonly implicated as teratogens
(also warferin/coumadin (blood thinners), ace inhibitors, retinoic acid)
preterm is classified as
20 - 36 wk
term is considered between ___
37- 41 wk
when can you find a heart beat?
current limit of viability for preterm baby is around ...
low Vitamin D may be associated with __
still birth, pre-term
how much more do you need to eat to support a fetus?
how much weight should you gain?
what medication is used to treat ectopic pregnancies?
Methotrexate, a chemotherapy agent
a common cause of a large gestational sac with nothing you can see is:
medications used to suppress pre-term labor
preterm labor is responsible for what % of preterm deliveries?
(leading cause, then ob intervention for maternal/fetal issues 30%)
preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is responsible for what % of preterm deliveries?
if premature membrane rupture happens prior to ___ weeks, expectant management is recommended
premature separation of a normally implanted placenta
eclampsia is the presence of new-onset ____ in a woman with preeclampsia
grand mal seizures
___ may actually extend the length of gestation/ prevent premature birth
placenta implants in lower prt of uterus, covers cervix, emergency
pprom vs prom
- preterm premature rupture of membranes (prior to 34 wk)
-- premature rupture (> 1 hr bf labor)
fetal growth restriction -- estimated weight is
smoking during pregnancy
birth defects, stillbirth, sudden infant death
Fetal alcohol syndrome
hypernsive disorder of pregnancy
BP >>> 140/90 after 20wk of gestation
leading cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality
critical time for drug teratogen effects on fetus
3-8 wk --> organ malformation
(before this abortion, after this funcitonal issues)