Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Female Reproductive System Deck (36):
0

the ___ of the ovary contains the follicles

cortex

1

the germinal epithelium is a single layer of _____

cuboidal mesothelial cells

2

the ___ of the ovary contains connective tissue and blood vessels

medulla

3

meiosis begins in utero and is arrested at:

prophase 1

5

in puberty, FSH stimulates primordial follicles to do 3 things:
(hint: fsh...cells...hormones..)

- acquire more FSH receptors
- folicular cells become granulosa cells
- folicle starts producing estrogen

5

the theca interna produces:

androsteinedione

6

space that develops between the granulosa cells is called ___ where you find ____

an antrum, meiosis inhibitory substance (OMI)

7

the ____ follicle is the follicle that ovulates

graafian

8

the layer around the zona pellucida of the oocyte in the mature (graafian) follicle is called the ____

corona radiata

9

outside the corona radiata is the ____

cumulus oophorus

10

upon ovulation, the oocyte continues meiosis II and is arrested in ____

metaphase II

11

follicles that don't make it through meiosis and die are called:

atretic follicles

12

when the follicle becomes a corpus luteum, the follicles begin secreting

progesterone

13

the corpus luteum lasts for ____ unless pregnancy occurs

about 12 days

14

fimbriae

finger like projections that draw the oocyte into the oviduct

15

isthmus

narrowing of the ampulla

16

pars interstitialis

where the isthmus passes into the uterine cavity

17

estrogen exhibits negative feedback if the levels exceed ___

150 pg/mL for 36 hours

18

a surge in ____ causes collagenic enzymes to erode the wall of the graafian follicle releasing the oocyte

FSH and LH from the pituitary

19

birth control pills work by increasing the levels of _____ and ____

estrogen, progesterone

20

injecting a bolus of ___ can induce pregnancy

LH

21

___ rescues the corpus luteum, preventing it from breaking down

hCG

22

the ____ of the cervix usually secrete a viscous material. Once a month, the secretion changes to an ____ secretion

simple columnar epithelium, aqueous

23

cervical cancer arises from the ____ epithelium

stratified squamous non-keratinized

24

the vagina is lined by _____

stratified squamous non-keratinized epithelium

25

the Skene gland is homologous to the ___ in males

prostate

26

Bartholin's glands are homologous to ___ in males

Cowper's glands

27

in the female, the urethra is lined by:

pseudo stratified columnar epithelium

28

the labia minora and majora are lined by:

keratinized stratified squamous epithelium

29

the labia majora differs from the minora by:

relatively more sweat glands, sebaceous glands, and hair follicles

30

The gonads descend in BOTH sexes and are guided by ____ . The testis passes through the deep body wall into the scrotum via the ___ .

- fibrous gubernaculum
- inguinal canal (extends between deep and superficial inguinal rings)

31

Testis descends behind a fingerlike extension of parietal peritoneum, the____, which pinches off around the testis, forming a sac in the scrotum called ___.

processus vaginalis
tunica vaginalis testis

32

after descent, ovary ends up in the ____, an extension of the broad ligament of the uterus

mesovarium

33

gubernaculum attaches to the uterus and becomes the ____ and ____.

fibrous ovarian ligament
round ligament of the uterus

34

Processus vaginalis

fingerlike projection of parietal peritoneum

extends thro inguinal canal, pinches off to form tunica vaginalis testis (sac that covers the testis).

The proximal part usually disappears but may persist as a congenital, indirect, inguinal hernial sac.

35

in the abdomen the testes were between these two layers

parietal peritoneum and transversalis fascia (bottom layer)