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Flashcards in Principles of Infant Nutrition Deck (11):
1

What capacity (in mls) does a newborns stomach have?

15-30mls

2

What is the gastric emptying time of a newborn (in hours)

2-3 hours

3

What nutrient increases gastric emptying time and what reduces it?

Carbohydrates increases
Fast decrease

4

What is colonisation of the bowel?

Rise in Ph over first few weeks which allows commensals (friendly bacteria) - essential to production of Vit K & Vit B (also allows pathogens to survive)

5

What is synthesised in a newborn's liver and is essential for billirubin conjugation?

Glucuronyl Transferase

6

What FOUR nutrients does a newborn require within the first few hours of birth?

Glucose
Protein
Fat
Water

7

What is meconium?

Dark sticky stool passed in the first 24hrs of birth

8

What colour of stool is produced at 4 days old?

Yellow

9

Within how many hours of birth do most babies pass urine?

12 hours

10

What is colostrum?

The initial milk produced by the mother.
Contains high levels of immunoglobulins, antibodies,anti infective proteins.
Higher levels of vitamin K then mature milk.

11

Name FOUR anti-infective proteins found in breastmilk and their purpose

Lactoferrin – binds iron and prevents the growth of bacteria which needs iron

Lysozyme – which kills bacteria

Antibodies – part of the immune system

Bifidus Factor- maintains an acidic environment in the bowel