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Flashcards in Principles of Infant Nutrition Deck (11)
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1
Q

What capacity (in mls) does a newborns stomach have?

A

15-30mls

2
Q

What is the gastric emptying time of a newborn (in hours)

A

2-3 hours

3
Q

What nutrient increases gastric emptying time and what reduces it?

A

Carbohydrates increases

Fast decrease

4
Q

What is colonisation of the bowel?

A

Rise in Ph over first few weeks which allows commensals (friendly bacteria) - essential to production of Vit K & Vit B (also allows pathogens to survive)

5
Q

What is synthesised in a newborn’s liver and is essential for billirubin conjugation?

A

Glucuronyl Transferase

6
Q

What FOUR nutrients does a newborn require within the first few hours of birth?

A

Glucose
Protein
Fat
Water

7
Q

What is meconium?

A

Dark sticky stool passed in the first 24hrs of birth

8
Q

What colour of stool is produced at 4 days old?

A

Yellow

9
Q

Within how many hours of birth do most babies pass urine?

A

12 hours

10
Q

What is colostrum?

A

The initial milk produced by the mother.
Contains high levels of immunoglobulins, antibodies,anti infective proteins.
Higher levels of vitamin K then mature milk.

11
Q

Name FOUR anti-infective proteins found in breastmilk and their purpose

A

Lactoferrin – binds iron and prevents the growth of bacteria which needs iron

Lysozyme – which kills bacteria

Antibodies – part of the immune system

Bifidus Factor- maintains an acidic environment in the bowel