Preconception Care Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Preconception Care Deck (18)
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1
Q

What is preconception care?

A

The provision of biomedical, behavioral and social health interventions to women and couples before conception occurs

2
Q

Name SIX potential benefits to preconception care

A
  • Improve maternal and child mortality rates
  • Reduce preterm birth and low birth weight
  • Prevent congenital abnormalities
  • Lower risk of type two diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in later life
  • Preventing neonatal infections
  • Prevent vertical transmission of HIV and other STI’s
3
Q

Up to how many weeks is the central nervous system at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

A

16 weeks

4
Q

Up to how many weeks is the heart at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

A

6.5 weeks

5
Q

Up to how many weeks are the upper limbs at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

A

Nearly 6 weeks

6
Q

Up to how many weeks are the eyes at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

A

8.5 weeks

7
Q

Up to how many weeks are the lower limbs at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

A

Just over 6 weeks

8
Q

Up to how many weeks are the teeth at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

A

9 weeks

9
Q

Up to how many weeks is the palate at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

A

About 9 weeks

10
Q

Up to how many weeks is the external genitalia at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

A

Around 16 weeks

11
Q

Up to how many weeks are the ears at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

A

Around 10 weeks

12
Q

Name FOUR risk factors to the fetus associated with diabetes

A
  • Fetal macrosomia
  • Congenital malformation
  • Birth trauma
  • Stillbirth
13
Q

Name FOUR risk factors to the mother associated with diabetes

A
  • Hypoglycaemia
  • Induction of labour
  • Caesarean section
  • Birth trauma
14
Q

Name SIX risk factors to the fetus associated with obesity

A
  • Neural tube defects
  • Heart defects
  • Cleft lip/palate
  • Hydrocephaly
  • Limb reduction / abnormalities
  • Stillbirth
15
Q

Name FIVE risk factors to the mother associated with obesity

A
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Pre eclampsia
  • Caesarean section
  • Shoulder dystocia
  • Maternal death
16
Q

What is the recommended daily dose of folic acid to be taken preconception?

A

400mcg until 12 weeks gestation

17
Q

What is the recommended daily dose of vitamin D to be taken preconception?

A

10mcg

18
Q

Name TEN foods which should be avoided during pregnancy

A
  • Unpasturised milk
  • Liver
  • Raw or partially cooked eggs
  • Pate
  • Soft cheeses
  • Raw/undercooked meat
  • Raw shellfish
  • Fish including: shark, swordfish and marling
  • Tuna (limit to two portions a week - 4 tins)
  • Oily fish (limit to two portions a week)