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Flashcards in Preconception Care Deck (18):
1

What is preconception care?

The provision of biomedical, behavioral and social health interventions to women and couples before conception occurs

2

Name SIX potential benefits to preconception care

-Improve maternal and child mortality rates
-Reduce preterm birth and low birth weight
-Prevent congenital abnormalities
-Lower risk of type two diabetes and cardiovascular diseases in later life
-Preventing neonatal infections
-Prevent vertical transmission of HIV and other STI's

3

Up to how many weeks is the central nervous system at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

16 weeks

4

Up to how many weeks is the heart at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

6.5 weeks

5

Up to how many weeks are the upper limbs at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

Nearly 6 weeks

6

Up to how many weeks are the eyes at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

8.5 weeks

7

Up to how many weeks are the lower limbs at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

Just over 6 weeks

8

Up to how many weeks are the teeth at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

9 weeks

9

Up to how many weeks is the palate at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

About 9 weeks

10

Up to how many weeks is the external genitalia at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

Around 16 weeks

11

Up to how many weeks are the ears at high risk of congenital abnormalities developing from use of teratogens?

Around 10 weeks

12

Name FOUR risk factors to the fetus associated with diabetes

-Fetal macrosomia
-Congenital malformation
-Birth trauma
-Stillbirth

13

Name FOUR risk factors to the mother associated with diabetes

-Hypoglycaemia
-Induction of labour
-Caesarean section
-Birth trauma

14

Name SIX risk factors to the fetus associated with obesity

-Neural tube defects
-Heart defects
-Cleft lip/palate
-Hydrocephaly
-Limb reduction / abnormalities
-Stillbirth

15

Name FIVE risk factors to the mother associated with obesity

-Gestational diabetes
-Pre eclampsia
-Caesarean section
-Shoulder dystocia
-Maternal death

16

What is the recommended daily dose of folic acid to be taken preconception?

400mcg until 12 weeks gestation

17

What is the recommended daily dose of vitamin D to be taken preconception?

10mcg

18

Name TEN foods which should be avoided during pregnancy

-Unpasturised milk
-Liver
-Raw or partially cooked eggs
-Pate
-Soft cheeses
-Raw/undercooked meat
-Raw shellfish
-Fish including: shark, swordfish and marling
-Tuna (limit to two portions a week - 4 tins)
-Oily fish (limit to two portions a week)