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Flashcards in Abdominal Examination Deck (15):
1

Name THREE things to look for when doing a visual inspection of the abdomen

-Linea Negra
-Striae Gravidarum
-Abdominal Scars

2

Name the THREE aspects of palpation

-Funal
-Lateral
-Pelvic

3

What TWO things are being assessed during fundal palpation?

-Fundal height / size of the uterus in relation to gestation
-To determine which part of the fetus is lying in the upper pole of the uterus

4

At week gestation should the fundus be located around the umbilicus?

Around 24 weeks

5

Name NINE possible reasons of inconsistency of fundal height

-Unreliable landmarks
-Inaccurate dates
-Larger or smaller fetus than expected
-Increase or decrease in amniotic fluid
-Multiple pregnancy
-Abnormal lie
-Uterine mass (fibroid, cyst or tumour)
-Poor technique
-Intrauterine death

6

What TWO things are being assess during lateral palpation?

-The position of the fetus
-The lie of the fetus

7

What THREE things are being assessed during pelvic palpation?

-Flexion
-Engagement
-Mobility of the presenting part

8

Name the FIVE main types of presentation

-Vertex
-Brow
-Face
-Breech
-Shoulder

9

How many fifths palpable is a head when it is considered engaged?

Two fifths palpable

10

What is considered a normal fetal heart rate range?

110-160bpm

11

What is the lie?

The long axis of the fetus to the long axis of the uterus

12

What is the attitude?

The relationship of fetal parts to another. The posture can be one of flexion, deflexion or extension

13

What is the presentation?

The part of the fetus lying in the lower pole of the uterus

14

What is the position?

The relationship of the denominator to the 6 areas of the pelvic brim

15

What is the denominator?

The part of the presentation that indicates or determines the position