The Female Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The Female Reproductive System Deck (15)
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1
Q

Name and describe the THREE layers of the uterine wall

A

Perimetrium - consistent with peritoneal layer

Myometrium - muscle layer consisting of oblique/longitudinal/circular/transverse

Endometrium - glandular columnar epithelium with a high number of capillaries

2
Q

Name the THREE phases of ovarian cycle

A

Follicular
Ovulatory
Luteal

3
Q

Which hormone is released in response to low levels of oestrogen and progesterone?

A

Gonadotrophin Releasing Hormone

4
Q

Which hormone is released in response to a rise in levels of Gonadotrophin Releasing Hormone?

A

Follicle Stimulating Hormone

5
Q

What effect does a rise in oestrogen have on levels of Luteinising Hormone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone?

A

Inhibits release of FSH and stimulates LH to be released in a sudden burst

6
Q

What is the ovum released from?

A

Graafian Follicle

7
Q

What is the Corpus Luteum formed from and which TWO hormones does it secrete?

A

From Graafian Follicle

Secretes Progesterone & Oestrogen

8
Q

How long does the Corpus Luteum last for?

A

12 days

9
Q

What happens if fertilisation of the ovum does not occur?

A

Corpus Luteum becomes Corpus Albicans

Oestrogen and Progesterone levels fall

10
Q

Name the THREE phases of the development of the endometrium

A

Menstruation
Proliferation
Secretion

11
Q

When fertilisation has occurred, which hormone causes levels of oestrogen and progesterone to rise?

A

Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin

12
Q

What happens to the myometrium when an ovum has been fertilised?

A

Hypertrophy & Hyperplasia

13
Q

What happens to the endometrium when an ovum has been fertilised?

A

Thickens and becomes more vascular

14
Q

Describe the operculum and its function

A

Is a plug of mucus which acts as a barrier to penetration of microorganisms

15
Q

Why is thrush more common in pregnancy?

A

An increase of vaginal discharge caused by generation and degeneration of cells in the vaginal wall causes the vagina to become more acidic