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In a building with light weight construction, when there is a fire on the top floor with a clear indication that fire has not entered the cockloft roof ops shall be limited too the following

1. Check rear and sides of building
2. Venting top floor windows and skylight if present
3. Inspecting HVAC ducts for unusual heat

After above complete all members removed from roof


Can you operate on a roof of building with light weight construction if a top floor fire has extended into the cockloft or attic

No you can't


When encountering a pull down those stair with a rope that gives access to an attic this stair can be used by operating forces to access the attic

No should not be used for access or stretching lines use portable ladders


If encountering two secondary entrances adjacent to each other on the same side of house (exposure 2 or 4) one with stoop one at ground level this usual indicate a

Entrance at ground level will lead into kitchen and cellar
Entrance with stoop will lead directly to second floor


If off set windows are encountered near a secondary entrance (usually with stoop ) it usually indicates that stair goes to second floor and these windows should be used to VEIS if IC GIVES approval

No should not be used to VEIS


What are some indications of an occupied attic

Attic area with dormer
Adequate height (approximately 7 feet)
Air conditioners at attic level
Windows of fair size and normal appearance with curtains and drapes


What must be transmitted with the signal 10-75 at a fire in PD

Whether pd is peaked or flat


What is the best way to ascertain if a pd is ballon frame construction

Remove baseboard on exterior and check for sole plate if no sole plate building is ballon frame

high heat accompanied by heavy smoke with no visible flame is indication of fire burning in above voids


Who ensures roof vent on flat roof pd

Second due ladder


Who shuts utilities in pd

Second ladder


Who attempt s to examine cellar

First due truck

Second due ensures


Roof vent of peaked roof

Second due if necessary

Queen Anne later units


What is the primary consideration for access to. A cellar fire for first due ladder

Entrance door providing quickest access

Fire on first floor or upper floor primary consideration is main entrance


Where should the first ladder maintain door control at pd fire

As soon as entry is made through entrance door chosen
Leave member at door
Make sure door doesn't lock


Up until what point should the door entered by first ladder be controlled by interior member

Until fire area is further isolated or charge hose line is advancing through door


First due FE FF tools at pd

Axe haligen


The roofman and ovm will be operating together at peaked roof pd with portable ladder operations what tools shall they use

Portable ladder
6 ' haligen hook
And or haligen for each member


Duties of OVM/ROOF TEAM at peaked roof with portable ladder operation

1. Conduct quick survey around perimeter
2. Communicate and coordinate any rescue attempt with officer
3. If no visible life hazard VEIS of a area on upper floor most likely to occupied coordinate with officer inside area to be vented
4. Vent for extinguishment when engine applying water to extinguish fire


IST LCC at peaked roof pd with portable ladder ops TOOLS

Appropriate size ladder to reach upper floors and necessary hand tools


Duties of LCC at peaked roof pd with portable ladder ops

1. Work off porch or garage roof to reach upper floors
2. No porch work from area that provides physical butt
3. Vent area directed by ladder officer in fire area to be vented
4. Prior to entry team up with 2nd LCC
5. If obvious occupied attic then team up with 2nd lcc and utilize aerial or TL access attic area


How do the first due roof/ovm team operate at a peaked roof pd fire operate when the aerial is used ?

1. Prior to using aerial roof/ovm team make quick survey of perimeter for trap occupants in need of immediate rescue
2. If aerial ladder operation and/ or rescue indicated team will make entry if make rescue communicate to 2nd due to cover perimeter
3. Then VEIS upper floors
4. Vent attic window as ordered by ladder company officer operating in the fire area
5. Vent fire area/room when order by ladder company officer operating in fire area to be vented


First due LCC at peaked roof pd fire with aerial ladder operations

Position at turntable

Duties :
1. Position apparatus to cover 2 sides
2. When survey by roof/ovm team mandates entry into upper floors then position aerial
3. If roof/ovm team does not need aerial for search then LCC may request to vent if officer in fire area to vented approves
4. if entry team up with 2nd LCC or aam
5. Vent for extinguishment when eng. puts water on fire
6. once fire is controlled and members inside are not in immediate danger then can enter building and assist company with over haul and searches


Tools of first due roof/ovm team at a peaked roof pd fire with aerial operations

6' haligen hook and or haligen for each member


IST due TL ovm/ roof team at peaked roof pd fire

Same as aerial

Tools 6' haligen hook and/or haligen


2nd due officer duties at fire in a peaked roof pd ?

1. All floors above fire ( except in cellar fire ) in That case may operate in cellar or first floor depending when're first due operates
2. If no BC on scene communicate with 1st arriving truck to ascertain where assistance is required or areas not searched ,communication with first ladder is critical
3. Monitor ht in route
4. When necessary assign members to assist first with rescue activates and additionally second due should initiate or augment removal of window bars on both front and rear of pd early in operation
5. Prior to going above fire notify company officers on fire floor your going above and secure secondary means of egress ASAP
6. Top floor fires check floors below to ensure fire did not start below , be available to assist first due and stay off stairs and on floor below
At top floor fires in attached pds examine exsposures for possible extension


Tools Second due ladder roof/ovm team at peaked roof pd fire with portables

Portable ladder
6' haligen hook and or haligen


Second due ladder roof/ ovm team at peaked roof pd fire with portables duties

Conduct outside surveys and VEIS areas not covered by 1st due outside team
No visible life hazard VEIS upper floor which most likely to be occupied
Prior to entry coordinate with officer in fire area to be vented
Vent roof as directed by officer in fire area to be vented


Second due LCC at fire in peaked roof pd with portable ladder ops

Tools as necessary

Position: Front of building
Duties : team up with first due LCC for VEIS of upper floors with permission of officer in fir ears to be vented
Operate as ordered by officer


Operations for 2nd due roof/ovm team at fire in peaked roof pd with aerial

Position : operate from aerial
When first arriving using aerial than second use portable on upper floor areas with greatest possible life hazard

Duties :
VEIS upper floors with permission
Vent roof as directed by officer inside area to be vented


Second due LCC at fire in peaked roof pd with aerial ops

Position at turntable

Position and operate aerial on upper floors as necessary
Once fire under control and no immediate dangle to members inside building then enter building and assist company
If second ladder apparatus will not be used to ladder building then contact first due to see if need assistance
Operate as ordered by company officer


Second due roof/ovm team at peaked roof pd fire tower ladder ops

Tools 6' haligen hook and or haligen for each member also portable if necessary

Position :operate from the bucket
If first due using TL then 2nd due should survey the rear and sides of building and operate with portables on upper floor where life hazard greatest
DUTIES : VEIS upper floors coordinate with their officer
Prior to VEIS ask permission from officer operating in I. Fire areA
Vent roof as directed by first to arrive ladder officer in fire area

NOTE IN aerial it says vent roof as directed by officer in fire area to be vented not first officer as it does above


LCC of second due ladder at peaked roof pd fire TL OPS

Position : at turntable
Duties :
1. position. TL to cover 2 Sides
2. Remain at turntable for over all safety and control
2. Fire under control and no immediate danger to those inside enter building and assist company
3. If second apparatus not used contact first LCC if assistance needed
4. Operate as ordered by company officer


Order of preference for roof access of peaked pd is

1. TL
2. Aerial.
3. Portable


When using TL to access the roof of peaked pd what is the preferred position

Parallel to front of building so basket can be placed over corner of building near peak of roof ...turntable should be positioned so basket can reach two sides


Placing the basket to cover two sides of pd will facilitate the following

Rescue of occupants on 2nd and 3rd floors
Vent of the front and side
Entering the upper floors when stairs unstable
Overhauling difficulties to reach and unstable areas


If TL basket cannot be placed in its preferred position to reach a peaked roof how shall you position apparatus

Place the basket to the valley area where a hook ladder can be used to each peak


When using an aerial ladder to access the roof of a peaked roof pd you should position the apparatus where ?

Position the apparatus to facilitate raising and extending the ladder over the corner of the building. This permits max coverage of the front and one side of building

Note if cannot be placed adjacent to peak position in valley area where a hook ladder can be used to reach the peak


When using an aerial ladder to access the roof of a peaked roof pd you should place ladde how many feet above the peak ?

5 feet above and to one side of peak

This ensures:
1. Easy mounting and dismounting
2. Ensure ladder will be visible in heavy smoke
3. Prevent members from passing directly in front of and over the upper window as they ascend


Portables are the last option to reach a peaked roof pd. They shall be used if setbacks or other obstructions negate the use of TL or aerials. How can they be used to reach peak ?

1. A 35 ' extension ladder may be raised to a dormer roof or into the valley on the side of the dormer where a hook can be used to reach peak
2. Portable May be used to roof of porch as long as pitch not to steep. Then portable to fro porch roof to main peak ..ensure portable butt end is secured on porch roof prior to ascending


Where should the first hole cut in a peaked roof pd be placed

At the main gable

This allows venting of blind attic space the knee walls and the attic hall and rooms below allowing rapid line advancement and search by the inside team ..prior to vent need permission from officer operating in fire area


When cutting a hole in peaked roof with axe what position shall the member take and where should he cut ?

Work from a position of straddling roof parallel and on the lee side of the ridge


Cutting a hole in a peaked roof with an axes will be limited in size too

A members reach and maneuverability but will generally be about 2x3


In a Queen Anne when cutting the roof with an axe what additional tool should you bring to help vent the roof

10' hook to push down ceilings


First due roof mans tools at a flat roof pd

6 Halligan hook


Access to the roof of flat roof pd


Or scissor ladder to similar adjoining structure via the scuttle


If using attached exposure for roof access to flat roof pd. the exposure you depends on the construction of the pds . If the attached pds are wood framed ,which exposure should you use

Not the immediate exposure

Of ordinary brick construction where fire walls exist use the exposure that gives you easiest access to,it's interior


Tools of second due roof man at flat roof pd

6' Halligan hook and saw

Duties assist with roof vent


Tools of second due OVM at a flat roof pd

Portable ladder
Halligan and or 6' hook


Duties of first LCC at flat roof pd

Position front of building

1. When required operate TL or aerial
2. Rescue or removal of any visible life hazard
3. Placement of roof ff on roof
4. Assist first roof with placement of portable to roof
5. Team up with second due LCC prior to entry and search


Duties of second due ovm at flat roof pd

1. Assist 2nd LCC with any rescue in front of building
2. Conduct survey of rear and sides
3. Survey the rear and sides for means of entry in cellar and other floors and the presence of window bars and rear extensions .immediate notification to officer and IC of means of entry and other conditions found
4. Team up with 1 st ovm prior to entry and search
5. In attached pds except for assisting LCC in front of building building with rescue , check rear to ensure vent has been completed
If necessary team up with 2nd LCC to check IDLH exposures


Second due LCC cat flat roof pd

1. Assist with laddering of fire building
2. Team up with first LCC to enter and search , if ovm and LCC of first team up then LCC and ovm of second team to VEIS areas on upper floors not searched by first ovm LCC
3. For top floor fires with exposure problems examine exposure not covered by inside team


In two family homes with a fire in the cellar or first floor what should the roof/ovm team of first due do?

1. survey the perimeter of dwelling for occupants in need of immediate rescue
2. No visible life hazard VEIS first floor windows and assist in searche


In cellar fires in pds it is important that first due engine and first due truck coordinate and communicate. Where will the engine stretch and where will the truck proceed

The entrance that provides the quickest access to the basement both 1st engine and 1st truck work together


When no hose line is immediately available for a basement fire in a pd first ladder officer should not down the stairs before a line arrives? True or false

False he may decide advance down cellar without line to conduct a rapid primary search for victims and confine fire . One member should remain at top of stairs for door control. Door control essential without line


When stretching a line to the basement of pd usually the secondary entrance provides the quickest access to basement , the truck must maintain door control to the basement until

The engine advances a charged line via secondary entrance


If using the secondary entrance there is usually an interior door that leads to the first floor at the top of the stairs .. First due should

Close door if found open and communicate this to the second due truck and IC


If first due ladder uses secondary entrance. To gain access to a basement fire then second due should

Provide VEIS of floors above fire


If the secondary entrance is a Bilco style door should you use this door to access the basement

It is the least desirable of the secondary means of entrances and shall not be utilized for hose line placement unless it's only option


If main entrance to a cellar pd fire is quickest access then first truck will

1. Enter through main entrance on first floor
2. Initiate searches
3. Locate the top of cellar stair to evaluate conditions
4. Maintain door control at main entrance door until charged line advances via main entrance
5. Communicate findings to IC and officer of first hose line


When decision is made to advance the first hose line through the main entrance and down interior cellar stair then first arriving ladder

Perform primary of first floor prior to descending cellar stair to perform primary search of cellar
Engine requires assistance send one member to assist
Remaining two members continue primary on first floor ( officer and one other member )
Critical that first truck support first engine in getting quick water on fire


What are some indications of an open interior cellar door when there is afire in cellar

1. Thermal imaging camera showing heat waves emanating across the first floor ceiling when entering first floor via main entrance
2. Smoke action seen on the first floor seen at the entrance door- such as smoke showing at significant force and speed under pressure


If there is a secondary entrance and the first line has not advanced down the interior cellar stair than first truck shall

Assume responsibility of primary searches on the first floor and floors above
If conditions permit determine status and and door construction of interior cellar door and communicate to IC


If there is a secondary entrance and the first line has not advanced down the interior cellar stair via the main entrance than second truck inside team shall

Coordinate there advance via the second line into cellar via secondary entrance and assume the primary in cellar


When opening a hole to gain access to attic a_____foot section can be opened in ceiling on floor below. If wood is encountered when cutting hole then move hole_____ feet to one side to avoid cat walk

3 feet
3 feet


In two family house, you encounter to door s on the front of the building which door will usually provide access to the second floor

Door near side wall


If operating a line from exterior into the cellar of a pd members in cellar must always be removed first

In emergency such as members trapped by fire or endangered by fire because of collapse IC should order the immediate operation of hoseline into cellar


NYC building code requires lightweight constructed spaces between ceiling and floor above the ceiling and roof above to be divided into approximate equal areas of ______sq feet or less


Unless with automatic sprinkler


Lightweight parallel chord wood truss

Made up of 2 x3" or 2x4" wooden web and chord members
Connected with gusset plates( gang nails) weakest part only penetrate 1/4 -1/2 inch ..connection point will fail before the structural wood components
May also may use finger joints and glue to connect web and chord.. Joints only 3/4 inch rapidly under fire and or high heat


Laminated wood I-beams

1/2 inch OSB or 3/8 " -1/2" plywood web members and 2x3- 2x4 wood flanges
Web is fitted and glued into routed slot in the top and bottom flanges
May span length over 60
Strength is function of mass of flange and depth of web
Usually connected to to load bearing walls with metal joist hangers


Metal C Joists

Light weight cold formed steel joists to support floors and roofs
1/8" thick web
Joists are braced with stealing and or blocking to prevent from twisting
May have predrilled holes for electric


Heavy fire and smoke condition on a floor or in the cellar accompanied by little or no smoke on the floor or floors above May be an indication of what when talking about metal c joists

Concrete or gypsum floor poured over corrugated steel supported by c joists


Composite truss

Similar to light weight parallel chord truss
Comprised of wood and steel
Steel web attached to 2x3' -2x4 ' wood chords with gang nails
Know as space joists


General ops at light weight pds

Upon arrival any signs of renovation I building and age included in size ump
Suspect lw in newer type buildings and Reno
When lw suspected immediate examination of ceiling void shall be conducted as soon as conditions permit
Lw system found immediate notification to IC required
Fire found in vertical void attic/cockloft space promptly checked


What should be used to assist in detecting fire and or heat in concealed spaces

TIC SHOULD be used to determine if any heat present in or around gusset plates and c joists

Tic May not detect always detect intensity of fire below
In addition may not detect heat or fire with double 5/8' sheet rock


What is the primary emphasis for a fire in lw building under construction

Exterior attack unless the fire is minor or concealed to small area
Exterior streams operated from safe area outside collapse zone


Indication of fire in a truss loft is

Presence of smoke pushing at the floor line on the outside of the building
Indication that the probability of collapse is significantly increased


Fire in a a LW constructed building IC shall ask the dispatcher for

Additional engine


Engine ops general at LW pd

1. Paramount to position 1st line for contents fire that has not extended
2. 2nd line must be positioned to back up first
3. If 2nd line used some where else remote from 1st line then 3rd must back up 1st
4. Fire is a Such magnitude that cannot be quickly knocked down with two lines consider outside op


Nozzle FF should use which type of stance in a LW construction building ?

Leg forward


If fire In LW construction is severe enough that roof cutting is needed to vent top floor the IC should consider

Exterior ops


Ladder ops general at LW pds

1. If LW suspected 1st arriving should make inspection hole in ceiling from safe area in order to determine type of support system .. Done immediately on arrival and notify IC
2. If fire on first floor or cellar and conditions perverse visual inspection can examine similar attached ( assigned by IC )
3. Before entering any room involved in fire one or more inspection holes should be made .. Ladder officer ensure charged lineup in place before additional holes made notify IC of findings
4. After contents fire knocked down open up to check for extension.. Notify IC
5. Use caution when overhauling plasterboard on structures provide structure especially with C JOIST construction
6. Under no circumstances shall roof be cut on building with LW construction


If fire on top floor and has entered cockloft than

IC immediately notified
Members not permitted on roof


Floor above considerations ... Before proceeding to floor above members should consider following :

1. Location and extent if fire
2. Presence of life hazard ( know or suspected
3. Position and progress of the 1st and 2nd hose lines


Who should make inspection holes to determine type if construction If first due hasn't already

2nd truck


If a member encounters colliers mansion type conditions in a LW pd he should notify

IC immediately


Whst is estimated time of collapse in private dwellings with traditional construction

One hour

Depends on :
1. Duration and intensity of fire
2. Size of structural components
3. Type of construction involved

However if no ceiling to provide protection therefore exposing structural members failure can occur in 2o min


What is the always the primary consideration in pds constructed with light weight construction



When fire extends to structural components of pds with lightweight construction collapse can occur within

5-10 min


In pd with lightweight construction where content fire has not extended to the structural components it's it of paramount importance to

Position the 1st handline for early extinguishment


Unsupported areas that Span greater than _____ feet are a usually indication thst lightweight instruction is present

25 feet


In pds a truss loft is

Enclosed area btwn floors and ceiling where open truss construction is found

Note however ceilings may not be present in basement / cellars


Most common type of peaked roof found in light weight construction

Open web lightweight wood truss


In lightweight pd construction heavy fire on a floor or in cellar with little or no smoke condition on floor or floors above May be an indication of

Concrete or gypsum floor poured over corrugated steel supported by C-joists


Space joist are another name for

Composite truss


When fire is on the top floor and there is a clear indication that fire has NOT entered the cockloft ROOF OPS SHALL BE LIMITED TOO

1 check rear and sides of building
2. Venting the top floor windows
3. Inspection of HVAC ducts for unusual heat

Note all members removed upon completion of these duties


Whenever light weight construction is discovered units shall

Follow all applicable procedures set for th in BISP
Enter in bld/ occupancy in ECIDS
Conduct site familiarization drills during each phase of construction