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Flashcards in Prokaryotes Deck (49)
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1

What are the only membrane bound organelles in Prokaryotes?

Ribosomes

2

Prokaryotes are _______ non-_______ cells.

Prokaryotes are haploid non-nucleated cells.

3

What makes up the cell wall in Prokaryotes?

Peptinoglycan

4

What is peptinoglycan made of?

protein + Carb

5

Some cells in addition to a peptinoglycan cell wall have what?

lipopolysaccride layer

6

What are lipopolysaccrides made of?

Lipid + Carb

7

The cell membrane of Prokaryotes is made of?

phospholipid bilayer

8

What does a Gram stain show?

The difference between a lipopolysaccride (-) and peptidoglycan (+)

9

On a gram negative stain, what will bacteria look like what?

red

10

On a gram positive stain, what will bacteria look like?

purple

11

LPS will stain?

Not at all, so will just have a pink/red appearance

12

Peptidoglycan will stain?

purple

13

What type of Gram is worse, postive or negative in regards to infection?

A Gram - is worse, because it has another layer on top of cell wall

14

Bacteria Shapes-
Coccus?

sphere

15

Bacteria Shapes-
Diplococcus?

pairs of cocci

16

Bacteria Shapes-
Tetrad?

4 cocci

17

Bacteria Shapes-
Staphylococcus?

clusters of Cocci

18

Bacteria Shapes-
Streptococcus?

Chains of cocci

19

Bacteria Shapes-
Bacillus?

Rod Shapes bacilli

20

Bacteria Shapes-
Spirillum?

Fixed spiral shaped bacteria

21

Bacteria Shapes-
Spirochete?

Flexible spiral shape

22

What is the capsule of bacteria made out of?

Glycocalyx-sugar coating

23

What is the glycocalyx used for?

To stick to things

24

What are pili filaments used for?

attachments and mainly for reproduction

25

What are endospores used for?

cell hibernation

26

When are endospores made?

when there is a lack of moisture

27

Bacteria are asexual by ______ _________.

Binary fission

28

The DNA plasmid does what?

Duplicates itself and copies attach themselves to the membrane

29

How do bacteria transfer DNA?

through a pili filament conduction bridge

30

What are the 6 main types of bacteria?

Cyanobacteria
Nitrogen fixing bacteria
Lactobacillus
Salmonella
Syphillis
Lyme Disease