Flashcards in Prokaryotes Deck (49)
What are the only membrane bound organelles in Prokaryotes?
Prokaryotes are _______ non-_______ cells.
Prokaryotes are haploid non-nucleated cells.
What makes up the cell wall in Prokaryotes?
What is peptinoglycan made of?
protein + Carb
Some cells in addition to a peptinoglycan cell wall have what?
What are lipopolysaccrides made of?
Lipid + Carb
The cell membrane of Prokaryotes is made of?
What does a Gram stain show?
The difference between a lipopolysaccride (-) and peptidoglycan (+)
On a gram negative stain, what will bacteria look like what?
On a gram positive stain, what will bacteria look like?
LPS will stain?
Not at all, so will just have a pink/red appearance
Peptidoglycan will stain?
What type of Gram is worse, postive or negative in regards to infection?
A Gram - is worse, because it has another layer on top of cell wall
pairs of cocci
clusters of Cocci
Chains of cocci
Rod Shapes bacilli
Fixed spiral shaped bacteria
Flexible spiral shape
What is the capsule of bacteria made out of?
What is the glycocalyx used for?
To stick to things
What are pili filaments used for?
attachments and mainly for reproduction
What are endospores used for?
When are endospores made?
when there is a lack of moisture
Bacteria are asexual by ______ _________.
The DNA plasmid does what?
Duplicates itself and copies attach themselves to the membrane
How do bacteria transfer DNA?
through a pili filament conduction bridge