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Flashcards in Seedless Plants Deck (38)
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1

What are nonvascular land plants that have no xylem or phloem to transport water and sugar?

Mosses

2

Are mosses haploid or diploid?

haploid

3

Where are swimming sperm produced?

antheridia

4

Where are eggs produced?

archegonia

5

The fertilized spores in mosses before meiosis are?

diploid, then split back to haploid

6

What are the 1st land plants on fossil record, that have no phloem or xylem, and have a cuticle to prevent dehydration?

Liverworts

7

What anchors plant?

Rhizoids

8

Where are the sperm and egg produced in Liverworts?

the same areas

9

When liverworts asexually reproduce, where does it occur?

Gemmae Cups

10

Hornwarts are _________ and __________.

nonvascular and haploid

11

Since Cooksonia are sporophyte dominate, they are?

diploid

12

Are cooksonia extinct?

yes

13

Phylum Lycophyta contains?

Club moss

14

What is lycopodium?

Ground pine

15

Where does lycopodium (Ground pine) grow?

On top of other plants

16

How are fireworks produced?

using the spores from the ground pine

17

What is called the 'ressurection' plant?

Selaginella

18

What is Phylum Pteridophyta made up of?

Wisk ferns, horsetails and true ferns

19

Are wisk ferns haploid or diploid?

Diploid

20

Horsetails are sometimes called _____________.

scouring rushes

21

Horsetails contain what in the stem for defense and support?

silica

22

What is the only living genus of horsetails?

Equisetum

23

What the most successful spore bearing plants?

Ferns

24

When spores are dropped from true ferns what do they grow into?

Heart shaped gametophyle called a protrialli

25

What initially grows from a fungal spore?

A haploid hypha

26

What has a gametophyte dominate lifestyle?

liverworts

27

What is the name of a young fern frond?

a fiddlehead

28

What plant are given credit for being the first plant to live on land?

liverworts

29

Which of the following is given credit for having the first leaves and roots

Club Moss

30

What does sporophyte dominate mean and what is an example of a sporophyte dominate seedless plant?

It means its diploid, and cooksonia is an example