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Flashcards in Taxonomy & Systemics Deck (15)
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1

What is the science of classifying organisms?

Taxonomy

2

What is a taxon?

classification level

3

Who is the father of taxonomy?

Carolus Linnaeus

4

When writing in binomial nomenclature, what is always capitalized and what is always lowercase?

Genus is always capitalized
Species is always lowercase

5

What is the breakdown from broadest to most specific in taxonomy?

Domain->Kingdom->Phylum->Class->Order->Family->Genus->Species

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6

What are the 3 domains?

Archea
Bacteria
Eukarya

7

What is the oldest domain that is found in odd places?

Archea

8

What is the most common domain?

Bacteria

9

Which domain is divided into Kingdoms?

Eukarya

10

What are the 3 categories of Domain Archea?

Thermoacidophiles (live in hot acidic enviroments)
Halophiles (Require high salt concentration)
Methanogens (anerobes that produce methane)

11

What are the 4 Kingdoms of Domain Eukarya?

Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia

12

What is systemics?

The study of the diversity of organisms and their evolutionary relationships

13

What is Phylogeny?

Ancestral history

14

What is cladistics?

the analization of primative and derived characteristics that constructs a cladogram

15

What is a cladogram?

A diagram of relationships among species on shared derived characteristics