Flashcards in Psych 101---1 Deck (164)
father of psychology. Established first psychology lab. Participants would report their sensations, which were thought to be the key to analyzing the structure of the mind
Sensations and perceptions make up our conscious experiences
thought the focus should be on the function of the mind and how we adapt to our changing environments, rather than the structure of consciousness
asked whats the function of consciousness
thought neither of the two previous approaches were comprehensive.
The whole is more than the sum of its parts (especially in regards to perception)
said “give me a dozen healthy infants..I will train them to become any type of specialist I select-doctor, lawyer, artist..”
emphasizes the objective, scientific analysis of observable behaviors, it was the dominant force in psychology from 1920s-1960s
the systematic, scientific study of behavior and mental processes
what are the four goals of psychology
i) Describe different ways in which organisms behave
i) Explain the causes of behavior
ii) Predict how organisms behave in certain situations
iii) Control an organisms behaviors
how our genes, hormones, and nervous system interact with our environment to influence learning, personality, memory, motivation, and emotions. (viewing CT scans of two twins, one with schizophrenia one without it, you can see the difference in the brain)
how we process, store, and use information and how this information influences what we attend to, perceive, learn, remember, believe, and feel.
studies how organisms learn new behaviors or modify existing ones, depending on whether events in their environments reward of punish these behaviors.
Stresses the influence of unconscious fears, desires, and motivations on thoughts, behaviors, and the development of personality traits and psychological problems later in life.
Emphasizes that each individual has a great freedom in directing his or her future, a large capacity for personal growth, a considerable amount of intrinsic worth, and enormous potential for self-fulfillment.
Studies the influence of social and cultural factors on psychological and behavioral functioning
studies how evolutionary ideas, such as natural selection and adaptation, explain human behaviors and mental processes
Studies how the biological, psychological, and social influences explain human health and illness
bio psychosocial approach
a physician who diagnoses physical and neurological causes of abnormal behavior and treats these behaviors, often with prescription drugs. (M.D. or D.O.)
has spent four to five years in graduate education and has earned a doctorate in psychology. Clinical vs experimental (Ph.D, Psy.D, or Ed.D.)
includes the assessment and treatment of people with psychological problems, such as grief, anxiety, or stress (ask questions like which type of therapy is most effective for this type of disorder? How do people develop phobias?)
examines moral, social, emotional, and cognitive development throughout a persons entire life (why do some babies cry more than others? What happens to our sex drive as we age?)
involves the study of social interactions, stereotypes, prejudices, attitudes, conformity, aggression, etc. (how does being in a group affect one’s behavior? How can people make a good impression on others?)
includes the areas of sensation, perception, learning, motivation, etc. (why does an animal press a bar to obtain food? Can learning principles he used to discipline children?)
: involves research on the physical and chemical changes that occur during stress, learning, and emotions and how our nervous system interacts with the environment. (how do brain cells change during alzheimer’s disease? How do genes affect your intelligence?)
: focuses on measurement of peoples abilities, skills, intelligence, personality, and abnormal behaviors. (what do college entrance tests show? What career best fits my abilities?)
focuses on how we process, store, and retrieve information and how cognitive processes influence our behavior. (what is the best way to learn new information? Do men and women think differently?)
examines the relationships of people and their work environments. (how can we increase the productivity of workers? How can we select employees who will be successful?)
a) A multistep technique of gathering information and answering questions so that errors and biases are minimized