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Flashcards in Psychology Drugs Deck (35):
1

a behavioral pattern of drug abuse that is marked by huge desire to use the drug; person tends to relapse and use drug

addiction

2

means that after a person uses a drug repeatedly over a period of time, the original dose doesn't satisfy them, so they have to increase drug intake

tolerance

3

a change in the nervous system so that a person now needs to take the drug to prevent the occurrence of painful withdrawal symptoms

physiological dependency

4

feeling the need to experience the drugs effects for emotional well being

psychological dependency

5

painful physical and psychological symptoms that occur after a drug-dependent person stops using the drug

withdrawal symptoms

6

explain the effects of drugs on the nervous system

nervous system communicates by using chemical messengers called neurotransmitters which act like chemical keys that open or close chemical locks to either excite or inhibit neighboring neurons

7

methamphetamine

stimulant

8

barbiturates

depressant

9

LSD

hallucinogen

10

opium

opiate

11

cocaine

stimulant

12

tranquilizer

depressant

13

psilocybin

hallucinogen

14

morphine

opiate

15

caffeine

stimulant

16

alcohol

depressant

17

mescaline

hallucinogen

18

heroin

opiate

19

ecstasy

hallucinogen

20

marijuana

hallucinogen

21

close to amphetamine. Increases the release of dopamine from end bulbs and blocks its re-uptake. Causes increase in blood pressure and heart rate and produces feelings of enhanced mood alertness and energy

methamphetamine

22

a dopamine re-uptake inhibitor (decreased appetite) used as local anesthetic.

Cocaine

23

(adenosine antagonist) goes in and blocks adenosine receptors.

caffeine

24

depressant drugs that have a sedative effect. stimulate GABA used to put you down for surgery

barbiturates

25

reduce anxiety and stress. xanax and valium

tranquilizers

26

stimulates GABA=less anxiety, less inhibition. Impairs the anterior cingulate cortex=motor action control. Medulla is impaired=respiratory depression or irregular heart beat

alcohol

27

produces strange experiences which include visual hallucinations, perceptual distortions, increased sensory awareness and intense psychological feelings. Binds to serotonin receptors and stimulates them

LSD

28

binds to serotonin receptors. Visual hallucinations, perceptual distortions, intense psychological feelings. Doesn't last as long as LSD

Psilocybin

29

active ingredient in the peyote cactus. Increases the activity of norepinephrine and dopamine. Visual hallucinations

Mescaline

30

resembles mescaline and amphetamine. Causes the release of large amounts of serotonin and dopamine. Euphoria feelings of warmth and empathy

ecstasy (MDMA)

31

contains THC. Resembles anandamide (neurotransmitters) binds to the receptors. Euphoria, relaxation, increased appetite

marijuana

32

stimulate opiate receptors (endorphins). Analgesia, euphoria, constipation.

opium, morphine, heroine

33

pain reduction, a pleasurable state between waking and sleeping and constipation

opiates

34

including cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine, and nicotine increase the activity of the central nervous system

stimulants

35

a class of drugs that slow the central nervous system. Sedation, reduced anxiety and stress and inhibitions

depressant