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1

cells that carry information from one place to another

neurons

2

contains the nucleus and other cellular machinery necessary for cell functioning

cell body

3

carries information from the cell body to the synapse (the space between two neurons)

axon

4

receives input from other cells

dendritic tree

5

serve as "support cells" do not convey information like neurons

glia

6

modify the environment for neurons
remove dead neurons
myelinate axons: fatty tissue that insulates axons and increases speed of new transmission
help maintain blood brain barrier

functions of the glia

7

area with lots of myelination from glial cells

white matter

8

neuronal cell bodies

grey matter

9

brain and spinal cord

central nervous system

10

everything but the central nervous system

peripheral nervous system

11

bring info to the central nervous system

sensory neurons

12

associate information within the central nervous system

interneurons

13

send information from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles

motor neurons

14

front of the brain

anterior

15

back of the brain

posterior

16

toward the front/head

rostral

17

toward the back/tail

caudal

18

top of the brain

superior

19

bottom of the brain

inferior

20

(4 legged animal) animals back

dorsal

21

(4 legged animal) animals stomach

ventral

22

towards the middle

medial

23

away from the middle

lateral

24

slicing the brain so the top is separated from the bottom

horizontal

25

slicing the brain ear to ear separating the from from the back

coronal

26

slicing the left side from the right side

saggital

27

fluid filled spaces

ventricles

28

a clear fluid that cushions the brain and is within the ventricles

cerebrospinal fluid

29

most prominent, left and right separated by tissue

lateral ventricles

30

situated at midline, between left and right thalamus

3rd ventricle