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Flashcards in bio exam 3 Deck (21):
1

general term for a tumor, whether cancerous or noncancerous

neoplasm

2

cancerous cells return after treatment, either in the primary location or as metastases (spread)

recurrence (relapse)

3

absence of all evidence of a cancer after treatment

remission

4

the percentage of people who survive a given time period after treatment

survival rate

5

an abnormal growth or mass

tumor

6

cancer of blood cells and cells of the immune system

lymphoma and leukemia

7

cancer of cells mesoderm origin that form muscles and connective tissue

sarcoma

8

cancer of epithelial cells that cover body surfaces and glands

carcinoma

9

the degree to which (or spread at which) a tumor grows and spreads

aggressiveness

10

a lack of differentiation. Thus, an anaplastic cancer is highly undifferentiated and usually very aggressive

anaplasia

11

the total content of the DNA of a cell or of a multicellular organism

genome

12

a list of all of the mRNA produced by a cell or by all of the cells of a multicellular organism

transcriptome

13

the list of all of the proteins produced by a cell or by all of the cells of a multicellular organism

proteome

14

a list of all of the metabolites produced inside of a cell

metabolome

15

genome of a community--a list of all of the genes encoded in a community

metagenome

16

transcriptome of a community--a list of all of the mRNA produced in a designated community

metatranscriptome

17

proteome of a community-a list of all of the proteins produced by a designated community

metaproteome

18

metabolome of a community--a list of all of the metabolites produced in a designated community

metametabolome

19

a chemical that alters DNA

carcinogen

20

enhance the ability of a cell with altered DNA to become cancerous

promotion

21

movement of cancerous cells to other areas of the body

spread