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Flashcards in Psych Disorders Deck (32):
1

ADHD

Marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity

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Medical model

Concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a hospital

3

DSM-5

The American Psychiatric Associations Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders

4

Anxiety disorders

Characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety

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Generalized anxiety disorder

In which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of automatic nervous system arousal

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Panic disorder

An anxiety disorder marked by unpredictable, minutes long episodes of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations.

7

Phobia

Anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation

8

Social anxiety disorder

Intense fear of social situations, leading to avoidance of such

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Agoraphobia

Fear or avoidance of situations, such as crowds or wide open places, where one has felt loss of control and panic

10

OCD

Disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and or actions

11

PTSD

Disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, numbness of feeling, and or insomnia that lingers for four weeks or more after a traumatic experience

12

Post traumatic growth

Positive psychological changes as a result of struggling with extremely challenging circumstances and life crises

13

Mood disorders

Psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes

14

Major repressive disorder

Mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or another medical condition, two or more weeks with five or more symptoms, atleast one of which must be either, depressed or loss of interest

15

Mania

Mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state

16

Bipolar disorder

A mood disorder in which a person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania

17

Rumination

Compulsive fretting; overthinking about our problems and their causes

18

Schizophrenia

Characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and/or diminished or inappropriate emotional expression

19

Psychosis

In which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions

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Delusions

False beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders

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Hallucination

False sensory experience, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus

22

Somatic symptom disorder

Psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic form without apparent physical cause

23

Conversion disorder

In which a person's experiences very specific genuine physical symptoms for which no physiological basis can be found

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Illness anxiety disorder

In which a person interprets normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease

25

Dissociative disorders

In which conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

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Dissociative identity disorder

Rare disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities

27

Anorexia nervosa

An eating disorder in which a person maintains a starvation diet despite being significantly underweight

28

Bulimia nervosa

A person alternated binge eating with purging, excessive exercise, or fasting

29

Binge eating disorder

Significant binge eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging or fasting that marks bulimia nervosa

30

Personality disorders

Characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning

31

Antisocial personality disorder

A person exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members

32

Psychological disorders

A syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior