Psych Disorders Treatment Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Psych Disorders Treatment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psych Disorders Treatment Deck (44):
1

Biomedical therapy

Prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the person's physiology

2

Eclectic approach

In psychotherapy that, depending on the clients problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy

3

Psychoanalysis

Freud believed that the patients free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences-and the therapists interpretation of them-released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self insight

4

Resistance

The blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

5

Interpretation

The analysts noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

6

Transference

The patients transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships

7

Psychodynamic therapy

Therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self insight

8

Insight therapies

A variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing a person's awareness of underlying motives and defenses

9

Client-centered therapy

A humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth

10

Active listening

Empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies.

11

Unconditional positive regard

A caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self awareness and self acceptance

12

Behavior therapy

Therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

13

Counterconditioning

Behavior therapy procedures that use classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; include exposure therapies and aversive conditioning

14

Exposure therapies

Behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization and virtual reality exposure therapy that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid

15

Systematic desensitization

A type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant, relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety triggering stimuli

16

Virtual reality exposure

An anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to electronic simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking

17

Aversive conditioning

A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as alcohol)

18

Token economy

Operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

19

Cognitive therapy

Therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking, based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions

20

Rational emotive behavior

A confrontational cognitive therapy, developed by Albert Ellis that vigorously challenges people's illogical, self-defeating attitudes and assumptions

21

Cognitive behavioral therapy

A popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changes self defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)

22

Group therapy

Therapy conducted with groups rather than individuals, permitting therapeutic benefits from group interaction

23

Family therapy

Treats the family as a system

24

Regression toward the mean

The tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back towards their average

25

Meta-analysis

A procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies

26

Evidence-based practice

Clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences

27

Therapeutic alliance

A bond of trust and mutual understanding between a therapist and client, who work together constructively to overcome the client's problem

28

Resilience

The personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma

29

Psychopharmacology

The study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior

30

Antipsychotic drugs

Drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder

31

Antianxiety drugs

Drugs used to control anxiety and agitation

32

Antidepressant drugs

Drugs used to treat depression, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder

33

Psychotherapy

Consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth

34

Electroconvulsive therapy

A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient

35

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity

36

Psychosurgery

Surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior

37

Lobotomy

A psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients

38

Sigmund Freud

709

39

Carl Rogers

712

40

Mary Cover Jones

717

41

Joseph Wolpe

717

42

B.F. Skinner

719

43

Albert Ellis

721

44

Aaron Beck

721