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Flashcards in Psychological Disorders Deck (40):
1

What is the biomedical approach to psychological disorders?

Takes into account only the physical and medical causes of a psychological disorder

2

What is the biopsychosocial approach to psychological disorders?

Considers the relative contributions of biological, psychological and social components to an individuals disorder.

3

What is used to diagnose disorders?

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders which categorizes mental disorders based on symptom patterns

4

What is schizophrenia?

A prototypical disorder with psychosis as a feature. It has both positive and negative symptoms

5

What are the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia?

Positive- add something to behavior, cognition, or affect and include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and disorganized behavior

Negative- the loss of something from behavior, cognition, or affect and include disturbance of affect and abolition

6

What are depressive disorders?

Include major depressive disorder and seasonal affective disorder

7

What is major depressive disorder?

Obtains at least one major depressive episode

8

Describe persistent depressive disorder.

Is dysthymia for at least two years that does not meet criteria for major depressive disorder

9

What is seasonal affective disorder?

The name for major depressive disorder with seasonal onset, with depression occurring during winter months

10

What is a characteristic of bipolar disorders?

To have manic or hypmanic episodes

11

What is bipolar I disorder?

It contains at least one manic episode

12

What is bipolar II disorder?

Contains at least one hypomanic episodes and one major depressive episode

13

What is cyclothymic disorder?

Contains hypomanic episodes with dysthymia

14

What are anxiety disorders?

Include generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder, agoraphobia and panic disorder

15

What is generalized anxiety disorder?

A disproportionate and persistent worry about many different things for the last 6 months

16

What are specific phobias?

Irrational fears of specific objects or situations

17

What is social anxiety disorder?

Anxiety due to social or performance situations

18

What is agoraphobia?

A fear of places or situations where it is hard for an individual to escape

19

What is panic disorder?

Marked by reoccurring panic attacks: intense, overwhelming fear and sympathetic nervous system activity with no clear stimulus

20

What is obsessive compulsive disorder?

Characterized by obsessions and compulsions

21

What is body dystrophin disorder?

Characterized by an unrealistic negative evaluation of ones appearance or a specific body part. The individual often takes extreme measures to correct the perceived information

22

What is post traumatic stress disorder?

Characterized by instruction symptoms, avoidance symptoms, negative cognitive symptoms, and arousal symptoms

23

What are dissociative disorders?

Includes dissociative amnesia, dissociative identity disorder and depersonalizations/derealization disorder

24

What is dissociative fugue?

A sudden change in location may involve the assumption of a new identity

25

What is dissociative amnesia?

Inability to recall past experience without an underlying neurological disorder

26

What is dissociative identity disorder?

Is the occurrence of two or more personalities that take control of a persons behavior

27

What is depersonalization/derealization disorder?

Involves feelings of detachment from the mind and body or from the environment

28

What is somatic symptom disorder?

Involves at least one somatic symptom, which may or may not be linked to an underlying medical condition, that causes disproportionate concern

29

What is illness anxiety disorder?

A preoccupation with thought about having or coming down with a serious medical condition

30

What is conversion disorder?

Involves unexplained symptoms affecting motor or sensory functioning and is associated with prior trauma

31

What are personality disorders?

Patterns of inflexible, maladaptive behavior that cause distress or impaired functioning in at least two of the following: cognition, emotions, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control.

32

What is paranoid PD?

Involves a pervasive distrust and suspicion of others

33

What is schizotypal PD?

Involves ideas of reference, magical thinking, and eccentricity

34

What is antisocial PD?

Involves disregard for the right of others

35

What is borderline PD?

Involves instability in relationships, moods, and self image

36

What is histrionic PD?

Involves constant attention seeking behavior

37

What is narcissistic PD?

Involves a grandiose sense of self importance and need for admiration

38

What is avoidant PD?

Involves extreme shyness and fear of rejection

39

What is dependent PD?

Involves a continuous need for reassurance

40

What is obsessive/compulsive PD?

Involves perfectionism, inflexibility, and preoccupation with rules