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Flashcards in Learning And Memory Deck (15):
1

What is habituation?

The process of becoming used to a stimulus

2

What is dishabituation?

Occurs when a second stimulus intervenes, causing a resensitization to the original stimulus

3

What is associative learning?

A way of pairing together stimuli and responses, or behaviors and consequences

4

Describe classical conditioning.

An unconditioned stimulus that produces an instinctive, unconditioned response is paired with a neutral stimulus. With repetition, the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus that produces a conditioned response

5

What is operant conditioning?

Behavior of changed through the use of consequences

6

What is reinforcement?

Increases the likelihood of behavior

7

What is punishment?

Decreases the likelihood of behavior

8

What are fixed ratio schedules?

Reinforce behavior after a specific number of performances of that behavior

9

What are variable ratio schedules?

Reinforce a behavior after a varying number of performances of the behavior but such that the average number of performances to receive a reward is relatively constant

10

What are fixed interval schedules?

Reinforce the first instance of a behavior after a specified time period has elapsed

11

What are variable interval schedules?

Reinforce behavior for the first time that behavior is performed after a varying interval of time

12

What is observational learning?

The acquisition of behavior by watching others

13

What is encoding?

The process of putting new information into memory

14

What are the two types of encoding?

Automatic or effortful

15

Which encoding is the strongest?

Semantic encoding