Quiz 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 10 Deck (24):
1

diphenoxylate and atropine

Lomotil

Antidiarrheal, schedule 5
ADR: Abdominal discomfort, N/V
This drug can cause dry mouth, blurred vision, drowsiness, dizziness
Avoid alcohol and CNS depressants
seek medical attention if diarrhea persists, fever, palpitations or abdominal distention occurs
Ensure max daily dose is not exceeded to avoid toxicity

2

ranitidine

Zantac

Histamine H2 antagonist
ADR: constipation, D/V, skin rash
take at bed time
may take with food or antacids if needed

3

famotidine

Pepcid

Histamine H2 antagonist
ADR: constipation, D/V, skin rash
take at bed time
may take with food or antacids if needed

4

rabeprazole

Aciphex

PPI
DI: clopidogrel, Azole antifungals, mycophenolate, cranberry, digoxin, warfarin
Can be taken with or without food, but recommended after breakfast for pt with ulcer disease
do not crush/chew tablets, swallow whole

5

pantoprazole

Protonix

PPI
DI: clopidogrel, Methotrexate, PH dependent drugs, warfarin
Can be taken with or without food

6

omeprazole

Prilosec

PPI
Should be taken one hour before meals

7

lansoprazole

Prevacid

PPI
DI: antacids, clopidogrel, cranberry, PH dependent drugs, Warfarin
Should be taken on empty stomach, one hour before eating
Don't take with antacids

8

esomeprazole

Nexium

PPI
DI: Carbemazepine, clopidogrel, CYP2C19 inhibitors, PH dependent drugs, Warfarin
Should be taken 1 hour before meals

9

ondansetron

Zofran

5HT antagonist
DI: Apomorphine, cyclophosphamide
ADR: Constipation, D, HA
dry hands before handling disintegrating tablet
don't open the blister pack until you are ready to take the tablet
Place tablet in mouth, allow to melt, swallow or drink water

10

prochlorperazine

Compazine

Phenothiazine
DI: Prolongation of QT interval, Belladonna, Barbiturates/Benzos, cabergoline, DA agonist, MAOIs, opiods, phenyalanine
ADR: Somnolence
May cause drowsiness
avoid alcohol
may cause dark urine
complete full course of therapy

11

promethazine

Phenergan

Phenothiazine antihistamine
DI: Anticholinergics, Prolongation of QT interval, Belladonna, Barbiturates/Benzos, MAOIs
ADR: Somnolence, xerostomia
May cause drowsiness
avoid alcohol
may cause dark urine

12

metoclopramide

Reglan

DA antagonist
ADR: Asthenia, somnolence
Take this medicine on an empty stomach, 30 mins before each meal and at bedtime
Not for long term use
If using the oral dispersable tablet make sure your hands are dry
place tablet in mouth, it should melt quickly, swallow or take a drink of water

13

Lomotil

diphenoxylate and atropine

Antidiarrheal, schedule 5
ADR: Abdominal discomfort, N/V
This drug can cause dry mouth, blurred vision, drowsiness, dizziness
Avoid alcohol and CNS depressants
seek medical attention if diarrhea persists, fever, palpitations or abdominal distention occurs
Ensure max daily dose is not exceeded to avoid toxicity

14

Zantac

ranitidine

Histamine H2 antagonist
ADR: constipation, D/V, skin rash
take at bed time
may take with food or antacids if needed

15

Pepcid

famotidine

Histamine H2 antagonist
ADR: constipation, D/V, skin rash
take at bed time
may take with food or antacids if needed

16

Aciphex

rabeprazole

PPI
DI: clopidogrel, Azole antifungals, mycophenolate, cranberry, digoxin, warfarin
Can be taken with or without food, but recommended after breakfast for pt with ulcer disease
do not crush/chew tablets, swallow whole

17

Protonix

pantoprazole

PPI
DI: clopidogrel, Methotrexate, PH dependent drugs, warfarin
Can be taken with or without food

18

Prilosec

omeprazole

PPI
Should be taken one hour before meals

19

Prevacid

lansoprazole

PPI
DI: antacids, clopidogrel, cranberry, PH dependent drugs, Warfarin
Should be taken on empty stomach, one hour before eating
Don't take with antacids

20

Nexium

esomeprazole

PPI
DI: Carbemazepine, clopidogrel, CYP2C19 inhibitors, PH dependent drugs, Warfarin
Should be taken 1 hour before meals

21

Zofran

ondansetron

5HT antagonist
DI: Apomorphine, cyclophosphamide
ADR: Constipation, D, HA
dry hands before handling disintegrating tablet
don't open the blister pack until you are ready to take the tablet
Place tablet in mouth, allow to melt, swallow or drink water

22

Compazine

prochlorperazine

Phenothiazine
DI: Prolongation of QT interval, Belladonna, Barbiturates/Benzos, cabergoline, DA agonist, MAOIs, opiods, phenyalanine
ADR: Somnolence
May cause drowsiness
avoid alcohol
may cause dark urine
complete full course of therapy

23

Phenergam

promethazine

Phenothiazine antihistamine
DI: Anticholinergics, Prolongation of QT interval, Belladonna, Barbiturates/Benzos, MAOIs
ADR: Somnolence, xerostomia
May cause drowsiness
avoid alcohol
may cause dark urine

24

Reglan

metoclopramide

DA antagonist
ADR: Asthenia, somnolence
Take this medicine on an empty stomach, 30 mins before each meal and at bedtime
Not for long term use
If using the oral dispersable tablet make sure your hands are dry
place tablet in mouth, it should melt quickly, swallow or take a drink of water