Quiz 8 Flashcards Preview

Capp 4- top 300 > Quiz 8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 8 Deck (22):
1

atenolol

Tenormin

B blocker, cardioselective
pregnancy category D
Many DI
Contraindications: HSR, severe sinus bradycardia, 2/3 degree heart block, heart failure, cardiogenic shock
ADR: bradyarrhythmias, cold extremities, dizziness, fatigue, hypotension
Take on empty stomach
avoid abrupt D/C
report s/s of hypotension, heart failure, or angina
may cause dizziness
can mask symptoms of hypoglycemia

2

carvedilol

Coreg

Beta blocker/Alpha blocker
pregnancy category C
Contraindications: HSR, severe bradycardia, 2/3 degree heart block, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, sick sinus syndrome, severe hepatic impairment, bronchial asthma
Take with food or milk
Avoid alcohol
report s/s of hypotension, heart failure, or bronchospasm, hepatotoxicity, syncope, angina
may cause dizziness
can mask symptoms of hypoglycemia
Avoid sudden D/C

3

enalapril

Vasotec

ACE inhibitor
Pregnancy Category C (1st), D (2/3rd)
Contraindications: HSR, angioedema, pregnancy
use K+ supplements
may cause drowsiness

4

furosemide

Lasix

Loop diuretic
Pregnancy category C
ADR: Hyperuricemia
Avoid Alcohol and NSAIDs
Increase risk of sun sensitivity, use sun block
Avoid activities requiring coordination until effect of medication are known
report s/s of hypotension, decreased urine output, ototoxicity, severe skin reactions
may cause dizziness
eat high K+ foods

5

irbesartan

Avapro

ARB
Pregnancy category C
Contraindications: HSR, pregnancy
ADR: HA
Seek medical attention if angioedema, excessive fluid loss, hyperkalemia (confusion, weakness, uneven heart beat, numbness), reduction in urination, jaundice, or skin rash
Avoid pregnancy
avoid abrupt D/C
Use K+ supplements under Dr. Supervision
May cause dizziness

6

losartan

Cozaar

ARB
Pregnancy category C (1st), D (2/3rd)
Contraindications: HSR, pregnancy
Many DI
ADR: HA
Seek medical attention if angioedema, excessive fluid loss, hyperkalemia (confusion, weakness, uneven heart beat, numbness), reduction in urination, or jaundice
Avoid pregnancy
avoid abrupt D/C
Use K+ supplements under Dr. Supervision
May cause dizziness

7

lisinopril

Prinivil

ACE inhibitor
Pregnancy Category C
Contraindications: HSR, angioedema
Avoid pregnancy
use K+ supplements
may cause dizziness

8

metoprolol

Toprol XL

B blocker, cardioselective
pregnancy category C
Contraindications: HSR, severe bradycardia, 2/3 degree heart block, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, sick sinus syndrome
ADR: dizziness, fatigue, hypotension
Take on empty stomach
avoid abrupt D/C
report s/s of hypotension, heart failure, or angina
may cause dizziness
can mask symptoms of hypoglycemia

9

nebivolol

Bystolic

B blocker, cardioselective B1
pregnancy category C
Contraindications: HSR, severe bradycardia, 2/3 degree heart block, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, sick sinus syndrome, severe hepatic impairment
Avoid alcohol
report s/s of hypotension, heart failure, or bronchospastic disease
may cause dizziness
can mask symptoms of hypoglycemia
Avoid sudden D/C

10

ramipril

Altace

ACE inhibitor
Pregnancy Category C (1st), D (2/3rd)
Contraindications: HSR, angioedema
DI: K+ supplements, NSAIDs, Azathioprine, Diuretics
Avoid Pregnancy
May cause dizziness
use K+ supplements under Dr supervision

11

spironolactone

Aldactone

Potassium sparing diuretic
Pregnancy category C
May cause dizziness
report s/s of hyperkalemia (muscle weakness, fatigue, bradycardia), hyponatremia (confusion, dry mouth, thirst, weakness, hypotension, decreased urination)
Avoid K+ supplements/ food with high K+
Avoid Alcohol and NSAIDs

12

Coreg

carvedilol

Beta blocker/Alpha blocker
pregnancy category C
Contraindications: HSR, severe bradycardia, 2/3 degree heart block, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, sick sinus syndrome, severe hepatic impairment, bronchial asthma
Take with food or milk
Avoid alcohol
report s/s of hypotension, heart failure, or bronchospasm, hepatotoxicity, syncope, angina
may cause dizziness
can mask symptoms of hypoglycemia
Avoid sudden D/C

13

Tenormin

atenolol

B blocker, cardioselective
pregnancy category D
Many DI
Contraindications: HSR, severe sinus bradycardia, 2/3 degree heart block, heart failure, cardiogenic shock
ADR: bradyarrhythmias, cold extremities, dizziness, fatigue, hypotension
Take on empty stomach
avoid abrupt D/C
report s/s of hypotension, heart failure, or angina
may cause dizziness
can mask symptoms of hypoglycemia

14

Lasix

furosemide

Loop diuretic
Pregnancy category C
ADR: Hyperuricemia
Avoid Alcohol and NSAIDs
Increase risk of sun sensitivity, use sun block
Avoid activities requiring coordination until effect of medication are known
report s/s of hypotension, decreased urine output, ototoxicity, severe skin reactions
may cause dizziness
eat high K+ foods

15

Vasotec

Enalapril

ACE inhibitor
Pregnancy Category C (1st), D (2/3rd)
Contraindications: HSR, angioedema, pregnancy
use K+ supplements
may cause drowsiness

16

Cozaar

losartan

ARB
Pregnancy category C
Contraindications: HSR, pregnancy
ADR: HA
Seek medical attention if angioedema, excessive fluid loss, hyperkalemia (confusion, weakness, uneven heart beat, numbness), reduction in urination, jaundice, or skin rash
Avoid pregnancy
avoid abrupt D/C
Use K+ supplements under Dr. Supervision
May cause dizziness

17

Avapro

irbesartan

ARB
Pregnancy category C (1st), D (2/3rd)
Contraindications: HSR, pregnancy
Many DI
ADR: HA
Seek medical attention if angioedema, excessive fluid loss, hyperkalemia (confusion, weakness, uneven heart beat, numbness), reduction in urination, or jaundice
Avoid pregnancy
avoid abrupt D/C
Use K+ supplements under Dr. Supervision
May cause dizziness

18

Toprol XL

metoprolol

B blocker, cardioselective
pregnancy category C
Contraindications: HSR, severe bradycardia, 2/3 degree heart block, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, sick sinus syndrome
ADR: dizziness, fatigue, hypotension
Take on empty stomach
avoid abrupt D/C
report s/s of hypotension, heart failure, or angina
may cause dizziness
can mask symptoms of hypoglycemia

19

Prinivil

lisinopril

ACE inhibitor
Pregnancy Category C
Contraindications: HSR, angioedema
Avoid pregnancy
use K+ supplements
may cause dizziness

20

Altace

ramipril

ACE inhibitor
Pregnancy Category C (1st), D (2/3rd)
Contraindications: HSR, angioedema
DI: K+ supplements, NSAIDs, Azathioprine, Diuretics
Avoid Pregnancy
May cause dizziness
use K+ supplements under Dr supervision

21

Bystolic

nebivolol

B blocker, cardioselective B1
pregnancy category C
Contraindications: HSR, severe bradycardia, 2/3 degree heart block, heart failure, cardiogenic shock, sick sinus syndrome, severe hepatic impairment
Avoid alcohol
report s/s of hypotension, heart failure, or bronchospastic disease
may cause dizziness
can mask symptoms of hypoglycemia
Avoid sudden D/C

22

Aldactone

spironolactone

Potassium sparing diuretic
Pregnancy category C
May cause dizziness
report s/s of hyperkalemia (muscle weakness, fatigue, bradycardia), hyponatremia (confusion, dry mouth, thirst, weakness, hypotension, decreased urination)
Avoid K+ supplements/ food with high K+
Avoid Alcohol and NSAIDs