Quiz 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 6 Deck (22):
1

nifedipine extended release

Adalat CC

Calcium channel blocker
ADR: Flushing, Gingival hyperplasia, HA, Peripheral edema
Do not crush, chew, divide extended release
take on empty stomach
do not drink alcohol
avoid sudden discontinuation-- rebound HTN
Toxicity: peripheral edema, exacerbation of angina, tachycardia, s/s heart failure

2

verapamil

Calan

Calcium channel blocker
ADR: Gingival hyperplasia
do not crush or chew extended release, can be sprinkled on food, take with water
report symptoms of hypotension, bradyarrhymia, peripheral edema or syncope
avoid sudden discontinuation
Toxicity: s/s heart failure, decrease heart rate, s/s liver toxicity, exacerbations of angina

3

hydralazine

Apresoline

Peripheral vasodilator
don't drink alochol
may cause dizziness, avoid heavy machinery
avoid sudden discontinuation
report chest pain, palpitations, s/s tachyarrhymthmia, hypotension
Toxicity: s/s liver damage, hypotension

4

fosinopril

Monopril

ACE inhibitor
ADR: dizziness, cough
avoid in pregnancy
use K+ supplemeents or salt substitutes under supervision
may cause dizziness
Toxicity: angioedema

5

diltiazem

Cardizem

Calcium channel blocker
avoid activities that require coordination until you know the effects of the drug
report: hypoension, bradyarrhythmia, peripheral edema, syncope
avoid sudden discontinuation
don't take with alcohol

6

felodipine

Plendil

Calcium channel blocker
ADR: peripheral edema
report s/s of hypotension, exacerbation of angina with initial dose changes, peripheral edema, fatigue or hepatic dysfunction
Avoid Alcohol
avoid sudden discontinuation
may cause dizziness

7

olmesartan

Benicar

Angiotensin 2 receptor blocker
contact Dr. if pregnancy occurs while taking
use K+ supplemeents or salt substitutes under supervision
may cause dizziness
ask before using NSAID's

8

quinapril

Accupril

ACE inhibitor
Avoid pregnancy
Avoid sudden discontinuation- rebound HTN
use K+ supplemeents or salt substitutes under supervision
may cause dizziness

9

amlodipine

Norvasc

Calcium channel blocker
ADR: Peripheral edema
report s/s peripheral edema, fatigue, hepatic dysfunction or exacerbation of angina, hypotension with initial dosing/ changes
avoid alochol
avoid sudden discontinuation- rebound HTN
may cause dizziness

10

clonidine

Catapres

Alpha 2 agonist
ADR: nervousness, HA, somnolence, erythema, xerostomia
Avoid Alcohol and CNS depressants
caution with task requiring alertness
do not crush, cut or chew extended release
can be taken with or without food
apply to hairless area of skin on upper arm, or chest
rotate patch location
report s/s peripheral edema, fatigue, hepatic dysfunction or exacerbation of angina, hypotension with initial dosing/ changes
avoid sudden Discontinuation

11

benazepril

Lotensin

ACE inhibitor
avoid pregnancy
use K+ supplemeents or salt substitutes under supervision
may cause dizziness

12

Adalat CC

Nifedipine extended release

Calcium channel blocker
ADR: Flushing, Gingival hyperplasia, HA, Peripheral edema
Do not crush, chew, divide extended release
take on empty stomach
do not drink alcohol
avoid sudden discontinuation-- rebound HTN
Toxicity: peripheral edema, exacerbation of angina, tachycardia, s/s heart failure

13

Calan

verapamil

Calcium channel blocker
ADR: Gingival hyperplasia
do not crush or chew extended release, can be sprinkled on food, take with water
report symptoms of hypotension, bradyarrhymia, peripheral edema or syncope
avoid sudden discontinuation
Toxicity: s/s heart failure, decrease heart rate, s/s liver toxicity, exacerbations of angina

14

Apresoline

hydralazine

Peripheral vasodilator
don't drink alochol
may cause dizziness, avoid heavy machinery
avoid sudden discontinuation
report chest pain, palpitations, s/s tachyarrhymthmia, hypotension
Toxicity: s/s liver damage, hypotension

15

Monopril

fosinopril

ACE inhibitor
ADR: dizziness, cough
avoid in pregnancy
use K+ supplemeents or salt substitutes under supervision
may cause dizziness
Toxicity: angioedema

16

Cardizem

diltiazem

Calcium channel blocker
avoid activities that require coordination until you know the effects of the drug
report: hypoension, bradyarrhythmia, peripheral edema, syncope
avoid sudden discontinuation
don't take with alcohol

17

Plendil

felodipine

Calcium channel blocker
ADR: peripheral edema
report s/s of hypotension, exacerbation of angina with initial dose changes, peripheral edema, fatigue or hepatic dysfunction
Avoid Alcohol
avoid sudden discontinuation
may cause dizziness

18

Benicar

olmesartan

Angiotensin 2 receptor blocker
contact Dr. if pregnancy occurs while taking
use K+ supplemeents or salt substitutes under supervision
may cause dizziness
ask before using NSAID's

19

Accupril

quinapril

ACE inhibitor
Avoid pregnancy
Avoid sudden discontinuation- rebound HTN
use K+ supplemeents or salt substitutes under supervision
may cause dizziness

20

Norvasc

amlodipine

Calcium channel blocker
ADR: Peripheral edema
report s/s peripheral edema, fatigue, hepatic dysfunction or exacerbation of angina, hypotension with initial dosing/ changes
avoid alochol
avoid sudden discontinuation- rebound HTN
may cause dizziness

21

Catapres

Clonidine

Alpha 2 agonist
ADR: nervousness, HA, somnolence, erythema, xerostomia
Avoid Alcohol and CNS depressants
caution with task requiring alertness
do not crush, cut or chew extended release
can be taken with or without food
apply to hairless area of skin on upper arm, or chest
rotate patch location
report s/s peripheral edema, fatigue, hepatic dysfunction or exacerbation of angina, hypotension with initial dosing/ changes
avoid sudden Discontinuation

22

Lotensin

benazepril/hydrochlorothiazide

ACE inhibitor
avoid pregnancy
use K+ supplemeents or salt substitutes under supervision
may cause dizziness