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Flashcards in Quiz 3 Deck (18):
1

clindamycin

Cleocin

Lincosamide antibiotic
complete full course of therapy
symptoms should improve within 2-3 days
can resume normal activities after 24 hours
st. Johns Wort may decrease levels
DI: Atracurium and Nondepolarizing muscle relaxants, Cyclosporine, Erythomycin

2

acyclovir

Zovirax

Viral DNA polymerase inhibitor
Herpes
complete full course of therapy
make sure you have adequate hydration
symptoms should improve within 2-3 days
prophylaxis should reduce the number of breakouts
not indicated for children under 2 YO
use caution with concurrent nephrotoxins
May cause Malaise

3

nitrofurantoin

Macrodantin

Nitrofuran Antibiotic
May make urine brown- this is not harmful
complete full course of therapy
Suspension: Shake well keep in fridge
avoid mixing with food or beverages
symptoms should improve within 2-3 days
indicated for UTI
may resume normal activites after 24 hours

4

mupirocin

Bactroban

Topical antibacterial
instruct patient on proper administration technique
avoid exposure to open wounds burns or eyes
the area may be covered with a gauze
for skin infections

5

valacyclovir

Valtrex

Viral DNA polymerase inhibitor
symptoms should improve 2-3 days
if used prophylaxis should reduce the number of breakouts
not indicated for children under 2 YO
use caution with concurrent nephrotoxins
not for use in adults with chicken pox
Can cause malaise, HA

6

oseltamivir

Tamiflu

neuraminidase inhibitor, antiviral
complete full course of therapy
symptoms should improve within 2-3 days
prophylaxis is for patients that are in close contact with high risk of those who are infected with the flu
treatment must start with in 48 hours of exposure

7

influenza virus vaccine

Fluzone

Vaccine
Do not inject IV
shake vial before use
Administer in the deltoid muscle in adults and older children, anterolateral of the thigh in young chidlren
may cause myalgia, fever or malaise

8

tamsulosin

Flomax

Alpha 1 blocker
avoid activities requiring coordination until you know how you react to drug
rise slowly from sitting or lying position (orthostatic hypotension)
loss of consciousness is possible with first dose
commonly used for HTN or BPH--> if patient has both avoid taking other alpha blockers

9

terazosin

Hytrin

Alpha 1 blocker
avoid activities that require mental alterness
rise slowly from sitting/lying position (orthostatic hypotension)
may experienve syncope or loss of consciousness with first dose
Take drug at bedtime to minimize side effects (especially first dose)
avoid sudden discontinuation of drug
avoid alcohol while taking this drug
safety not established in children
Used for BPH and HTN

10

Cleocin

clindamycin

Lincosamide antibiotic
complete full course of therapy
symptoms should improve within 2-3 days
can resume normal activities after 24 hours
st. Johns Wort may decrease levels
DI: Atracurium and Nondepolarizing muscle relaxants, Cyclosporine, Erythomycin

11

Zovirax

acyclovir

Viral DNA polymerase inhibitor
Herpes
complete full course of therapy
make sure you have adequate hydration
symptoms should improve within 2-3 days
prophylaxis should reduce the number of breakouts
not indicated for children under 2 YO
use caution with concurrent nephrotoxins
May cause Malaise

12

Macrodantin

nitrofurantoin

Nitrofuran Antibiotic
May make urine brown- this is not harmful
complete full course of therapy
Suspension: Shake well keep in fridge
avoid mixing with food or beverages
symptoms should improve within 2-3 days
indicated for UTI
may resume normal activites after 24 hours

13

Bactroban

mupirocin

Topical antibacterial
instruct patient on proper administration technique
avoid exposure to open wounds burns or eyes
the area may be covered with a gauze
for skin infections

14

Valtrex

valacyclovir

Viral DNA polymerase inhibitor
symptoms should improve 2-3 days
if used prophylaxis should reduce the number of breakouts
not indicated for children under 2 YO
use caution with concurrent nephrotoxins
not for use in adults with chicken pox
Can cause malaise, HA

15

Tamiflu

oseltamivir

neuraminidase inhibitor, antiviral
complete full course of therapy
symptoms should improve within 2-3 days
prophylaxis is for patients that are in close contact with high risk of those who are infected with the flu
treatment must start with in 48 hours of exposure

16

Fluzone

influenza virus vaccine

Vaccine
Do not inject IV
shake vial before use
Administer in the deltoid muscle in adults and older children, anterolateral of the thigh in young chidlren
may cause myalgia, fever or malaise

17

Flomax

tamsulosin

Alpha 1 blocker
avoid activities requiring coordination until you know how you react to drug
rise slowly from sitting or lying position (orthostatic hypotension)
loss of consciousness is possible with first dose
commonly used for BPH--> if patient has both BPH and HTN avoid taking other alpha blockers

18

Hytrin

terazosin

Alpha 1 blocker
avoid activities that require mental alterness
rise slowly from sitting/lying position (orthostatic hypotension)
may experienve syncope or loss of consciousness with first dose
Take drug at bedtime to minimize side effects (especially first dose)
avoid sudden discontinuation of drug
avoid alcohol while taking this drug
safety not established in children
Used for BPH and HTN