Flashcards in Quiz 5 - neoplasms Deck (25):
locations most common for childhood neoplasms
- posterior cranial fossa
- spinal cord
locations most common in adult neoplasms
middle and anterior cranial fossa
metastatic neoplasms in adults vs children
much more common in adults
neoplasms most likely to metastasize to the CNS
breast and lung
most common primary intracranial tumors
- gliomas followed by meningiomas
what neoplasms are slow growing?
meningiomas and neurilemmomas
what neoplasms are rapidly enlarging?
astrocytomas and gliomas
general signs of a cortical mass
aphasia, hemiparesis, homonymous hemianopsia, sensory loss
disinhibition points to what location for a mass?
incoordination points to what location for a mass?
unilateral loss of pain and temperature sense on the face points to
lateral brain stem
loss of upward gaze points to what location for a mass?
dorsal brain stem or pineal region
paraplegia and sphincter dysfunction point to where for a mass?
common non-focal symptoms of a mass
signs of a transtentorial herniation
dilating pupil - ipsilateral
third nerve palsy - ipsilateral
hemiparesis - contralateral
neglect and agnosia are associated with which lobe?
edema from brain tumor responds to....
three types of gliomas
what type of glioma can usually be resected?
three common childhood brain tumors, which one has a better prognosis?
- cerebellar astrocytoma (better prognosis)
- pontine glioma
what is paraneoplastic syndrome and what are some of its manifestations
remote effect of cancer
- myoneural junction disease
- confusional state
full resection is often not feasible with....
MRI is superior to CT for....
tumors in childhood locations - posterior fossa and spinal cord
cranial in children
spinal in adults