Quiz 5 - neoplasms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 5 - neoplasms Deck (25):
1

locations most common for childhood neoplasms

- posterior cranial fossa
- spinal cord

2

locations most common in adult neoplasms

middle and anterior cranial fossa

3

metastatic neoplasms in adults vs children

much more common in adults

4

neoplasms most likely to metastasize to the CNS

breast and lung

5

most common primary intracranial tumors

- gliomas followed by meningiomas

6

what neoplasms are slow growing?

meningiomas and neurilemmomas

7

what neoplasms are rapidly enlarging?

astrocytomas and gliomas

8

general signs of a cortical mass

aphasia, hemiparesis, homonymous hemianopsia, sensory loss

9

disinhibition points to what location for a mass?

frontal lobe

10

incoordination points to what location for a mass?

cerebellum

11

unilateral loss of pain and temperature sense on the face points to

lateral brain stem

12

loss of upward gaze points to what location for a mass?

dorsal brain stem or pineal region

13

paraplegia and sphincter dysfunction point to where for a mass?

spinal cord

14

common non-focal symptoms of a mass

gait problems
seizure
personality changes

15

signs of a transtentorial herniation

dilating pupil - ipsilateral
third nerve palsy - ipsilateral
hemiparesis - contralateral

16

neglect and agnosia are associated with which lobe?

parietal

17

edema from brain tumor responds to....

steroids

18

three types of gliomas

astrocytoma
oligodendroglioma
ependymoma

19

what type of glioma can usually be resected?

astrocytoma

20

three common childhood brain tumors, which one has a better prognosis?

- cerebellar astrocytoma (better prognosis)
- pontine glioma
- medulloblastoma

21

what is paraneoplastic syndrome and what are some of its manifestations

remote effect of cancer
- polyneuropathy
- myoneural junction disease
- confusional state

22

full resection is often not feasible with....

gliomas

23

MRI is superior to CT for....

metastasis
tumors in childhood locations - posterior fossa and spinal cord

24

ependymoma locations

cranial in children
spinal in adults

25

rare tumors of the nerve root

schwanoma
neurofibroma
meningioma
glioma