Flashcards in Recent Politics Deck (41)
Main problem of Social democrats in 70s
they could provide no alternative to the neoliberal ascendancy which was in line with the rise of free markets.
economic stagnation that the post war period had engendered
remove regulation, inefficient public sectors removed and instead reduce the streamlining of the welfare state and encourage private initiatives.
the financial set backs in 2008
Led to a rise in the right who were winning many of the intellectual battles across Europe.
Failure of the left on increased security
increased migration and worsening welfare state- has been a main factor in supporting a growth in the right.
Growth for knowledge based work-
has risen with globalisation- this poses a threat to the left who have to manage and coordinate an increasingly stratified labour force
Optimism around social democracy in 80s
Forde, a politician in the Labour party, promoted the idea that we are all social democrats saying that the labour movement had become part of mainstream thinking considering the impressive history of the Party in the 20th century.
Trade Union confederation in Sweden
has lost a large proportion of its members- their influence has suffered since the rise of the centre right government that has been consistently dominant since the mid 2000s
Danish Party on ethnicity
regularly refers to ethnic diversity being a problem.
Finns party on immigration
have recently taken the stress off anti-immigration no longer seeing it as a problem for their economy.
Norwegian progress party is driven by
driven by oil and gas revenue and demands tax cuts
Norwegian progress party on the EU
in 2017 the Norwegian progress party decided to explicitly oppose membership of the EU.
Regarding immigration- the manifesto for the Danish Peoples party states
that Denmark is not a country of immigration and will not accept a multiethnic transformation of the country.
In sweden the the SD openly opposes multiculturalism but..
has dropped demands in recent years to repatriate immigrants from ethnically distant cultures.
Results of DF in 2015
in Denmark the DF won 21% if the vote in the elections of 2015 making it the second largest party in parliament
results of the Progress party in 2009
Reached a record high of 22%
Strict vetting of parties
Denmark weeds out many radicals who may damage their image by vetting memberships
the SD has also recently expelled more than 200 of its members in order to lose the idea that it is a Pariah.
Removal of radical ideas from NPP but keeping of slightly more moderate ones
After the Breivik attacks to reduce their open attacks on immigration in their manifestos.
they also, since the turn of the century have began to embrace welfare chauvinism.
Party leaders contributing to success
Soini of the PS- witty on television- popular criticism og the EU- reinforce existing fears in the electorate towards the EU
Jensen also was key in developing relations with other party leaders- Hagen for example
In 1996 non western immigrants
received social benefits around 50% more often than Danes- there were laws that gave asylum seekers the right to benefit from the welfare system and enters the country all while their application was being checked.
Denmark for danes
The Danish minister at one time in the late 90s said that we must try to hod back this mass invasion by Iranian refugees. Some right wing politicians even went as far as to say that some asylum seekers were only fleeing from material problems. In the current political climate not much has changed and they consistently run campaigns parading the slogan ‘Denmark for danes’
Economically the parties have shown
movement away from the liberal economic policy once advocated in the 80s- they now- according to manifestos prefer to focus on welfare redistribution as a way of ensuring votes. This has come partially as a result to nationalism that promotes the idea of the welfare state as a part of heritage and something intrinsically linked to Nordic prosperity.
The rise in non western immigration
demand for far right politics- their foreign religions, culture and languages pose a threat to the dominance and preservation of strong cultural heritage that exists in Norway, Sweden and Denmark.
Total percentage of foreign born population compared to national population-
in all cases since 2002 the total foreign born population has risen by at least 2%, in Sweden it now sits at 18%
Finns party stance
not actually an extreme right party- it sits as a centrist but still campaigns against immigration
The problem of immigration is in some way worsened by the welfare state itself
most immigrants are dependent on it and barriers for immigrants to become full members of the Nordic labour market is higher than for Natives.
he idea of a thin ideology located on the far polars of the political spectrum- usually embracing an antiestablishment position where there are two antagonists, the state (elite) and the common people. In order to become truly successful and taking large percentages of the votes it is probable that the populist party with the relatively thin ideology forms a hybrid party with a more politically conservative party. - they combine authoritarian positions with socio-economic policies from the centre
NPP and The Finns party sit at the moment in relation to parliament
he Norwegian progress party and the True Finns are currently members of centre right governments.
During the seventies until the early 90s the Finnish rural party established itself within main party politics
achieving around 5-10% of the vote consistently- the success can be partly attributed to Viekko Vennamo who was the leader and managed to rally many disgruntled farmers. The True Finns, which was the result of the collapse of that party, targets itself at the sick, veterans, rural community and the elderly- making use of the economic struggles that left the welfare state on a decline, to gather votes.
the new right in Denmark
now challenging the DS claiming that it withdraw itself from the EU and make sure that only immigrants contributing positively to society will be allowed in.