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Flashcards in Religion Deck (63):
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Indo-europeans

Nomadic people who lived in Mesopotamia

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Aryans

People in India, brought Vedas ( sacred scripture) & caste system

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Vedas

Aryans scared literature

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Caste system

Brought by the Aryan's, after indo-Europeans and Hittites. 1) Brahmins (priests), 2) warriors, 3) traders and landowners, and 4) peasants or traders.”


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Brahmins

1st level of caste system, priests, face

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Kshatriyas

2nd level, Rulers and warriors, arms

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Vaishyas

3nd level, peasants and traders, legs

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Shudras

4th level, laborers, feet

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Untouchables

Not touchable, under feet

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Asian steppes

Dry glass lands above the Caucasus mts

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Hinduism

Beliefs: Vedas, Upanishads(dialogue about Vedas), moksha, reincarnation, karma, caste system
gods: Brahma, Vishnu, shiva
Founder: no one founder

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Brahma

Life force, the creator

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Vishnu

The protector

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Shiva

The destroyer

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Moksha

Perfect understanding, and a release from life in this world. HINDUISM

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Nirvana

BUDDHISM release from selfishness and pain

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Buddhism

Founder: Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)
Beliefs: four noble truths, eight fold path, enlightenment, reincarnation, karma, nirvana
gods: none

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Buddha

Siddhartha Gautama

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Upanishads

Dialogue on Vedas, comments, meaning

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Reincarnation

Rebirth until moksha & nirvana

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Karma

Good or bad deeds come back around

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Varna

Skin color (Aryan's were lighter, for caste system)

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Ganesh

Elephant god, learning & wisdom, me over of obstacles.

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Enlightenment -

Wisdom, no suffering

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Four noble truths

BUDDHISM
1: life is filled with suffering and sorrow
2: the cause of suffering is peoples selfish desire for temporary pleasures of this life
3: the way to end all suffering is to end all desire
4: the way to attain such desires and attain enlightenment is follow the eight fold path, which is called the Middle Way between desire and self desire

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8 fold path

Steps of control to get to nirvana

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Jainism:

Founder: Mahavira
No missionaries, tolerate all religions, do t hurt anything

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Dharma

Buddhist doctrine or teachings

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Sangha

Buddhist religious community

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Judaism

Founder: Abraham
God: monotheistic

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Canaan

Jewish promised land, The Phoenicians lived in a region at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea

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Jew

Judaism people

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Abraham.

" Father of the Jews"

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Torah

1st five books of the bible, sacred Jewish writing

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Covenant

Promise between God and the founder of the Jewish people

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The Ark of the covenant

------ Promise between Moses and God, God would protect them and they would follow commandments.

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Moses

Led Israelites out of Egypt

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Exodus

When the Israelites fled Egypt, remember every year at Passover

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Israel

--- Canaan expanded to the north and south

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Saul

“was chosen largely because of his success in driving out the Philistines from the central hills. Saul is portrayed in the Hebrew Bible as a tragic man, who was given to bouts of jealousy.”

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King David

Son-in-law of Saul, “an extremely popular leader, united the tribes, established Jerusalem as the capital, and founded a dynasty.”

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Solomon

David's son, most powerful, trading, temple creation

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Judah vs Israel

Israel- north
Judah- south

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Tribute

Peace money paid by a weaker power to a stronger

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Warring states period

Israel withhold tribute, Assyrians took over, later Judah taken over Babylonians, then Babylonians & Nebuchadnezzar took over all

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Confucius

Started confusion ism

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Daoism

Follow "the way" and everything balances out, created by laozi

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Legalism

Hanfeizi & li is created, powerful government, use law to end civil disobedience

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Civil service exam

---

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Filial piety

Respect for ones parents and ancestors

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Analects

Books of Confucius words

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Bureaucracy

--- A trained civil service, or those who run the government

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Laozi

Created Daoism

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Dao

"The way"

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Shi Qin huangdi

"First emporer" first legalist emporer

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Qin dynasty

After Zhou dynasty, shortest, legalist, Qin huangdi,

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Autocracy

A government that has unlimited power

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Yin & yang

Two powers that represent the natural rhythms of life Yin: old dark soft mysterious yang: warm bright hard clear

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Great Wall of china

Created in Qin on the backs of peasants

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Parts do wall

Watch Tower, the core, stone wall

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Atman

Individual self, eternal soul, which identical to Brahma after enlightenment

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Ashoka

Indian emperor -

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Guru

Spiritual teacher for Hinduism, used for yoga