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Flashcards in Rome Deck (58):
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Remus and Romulus

Mythological Twin sons of ares and a Latin princess's who were raised by a she wolf and created Rome by the Tibet river

1

Patricians

Wealthy landowners who held most of the power

2

Plebeians

Common farmers and majority of the population

3

Consuls

Two officials that serve for 1 year

4

Tribunes

representatives elected by the plebeians that protected fairness

5

Legions

Roman military units

6

Dictator

All powerful ruler when crisis arises

7

Senate

Aristocratic branch of Roman government, in the beginning it's 300 members were elected from the upper class's but eventually they let plebeians in

8

Punic wars

Rome vs Carthage
1st- battle for control of Sicily lasting 23 years and Rome won
2nd- Hannibal, of Carthage, led army and elephants through the alps to the back of Rome and caused a lot of destruction until Scipio, of Rome, planned to attack Carthage and Hannibal had to retreat to protect his city and lost the battle.
3rd- Rome came down & completely destroyed Carthage, started fires and sold the people to slavery

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Hannibal

Carthage General in the 2nd Punic war

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Scipio

Roman general in the 2nd Punic war

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Carthage

Area at the top of Africa, was the only people to defy Rome

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Barbarians

What Romans called anyone that was not Rome, included the Huns led by Attila

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Julius Caesar

Was a triumvirate with Pompey, and Crassus, controlled France, marched his armies into Rome, Pompey fled, beat Pompey's army and was named dictator for life. He was nice and got really popular so the senate was worried so Marcus Brus and Gaius Cassius killed him. First dictator, death ends the roman republic.
Death? Markus Brutus, Crassius stab in Senate
Last words? Et tu brute "you too Brutus?"
Betrayed? Brutus

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1st triumvirate

Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus

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2nd triumvirate

Lepidus, Mark Anthony and Octavian

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Augustus

Octavian forced Lepidus to retire, then Mark Anthony fell in love with cleopatra and they combined armies, Octavian said Mark Antony was going to rule from Egypt and civil war broke out but Octavian won and after was called Augustus meaning "the exalted one"

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Cleopatra

Fell in love with Mark Anthony, Mark Anthony went to Egypt, they gathered their armies together and lost to Octavian

18

Pax Romana

"Roman Peace" started when Octavian ruled and ended when Marcus Aurelius died

19

Gladiators

Professional fighters who fought to the death in public

20

The colosseum

From " colossus" means gigantic, where the gladiators fought, sports stadiums today are modeled after colosseums

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Christianity

Started when Christ died, monotheistic

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Peter

Traveled from Rome to Jerusalem and became the first bishop there, also first pope. "The rock on which the Christian church is built on"

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Gentiles

Non Jew

24

Jesus

Born in Bethlehem, teached public ministry, was followed by 12 disciples who later became apostles, he became a threat to Roman leaders and was crucified

25

Paul

Jew who was an enemy of Jesus, on the way to Damascus he had a vision of Christianity and spent the rest of his days preaching it becoming an enormous influence on Christianity's spread

26

Constantine

Fighting a battle and prayed for Jesus' help, saw a cross, put a cross on his soldiers shields and won the battle, end of Christian persecution, next emperor, Theodosius made Christianity the official religion of Rome

27

Diocletian

Emperor after Pax Romana, kept Rome together under an iron fist, split Rome into eastern-Greek speaking and western- Latin speaking part and took over eastern Rome and western Rome had a co-ruler

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Diaspora

Dispersal of the Jews after the Jewish rebellion

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Reasons for Rome's decline

1: war destroyed farmland which created a farmland and the population declined
2: lack of loyalty in the army, loyal to personal general, or army is made of foreigners (mercenaries) and doesn't care about Rome
3: inflation: selling gold to china, so have lack of gold, so they made the coin out of half copper and half gold which is worth less
4: bad leader
5: invasion from barbarians
6: Rome's empire is too big so they have a bad protection problem
7: stop expanding: no new land and money
8: Rome citizens don't care about government
(Need to know 5)

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Constantinople

Capital of Byzantine empire, moved by Constantine

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Byzantium

Capital of eastern part of empire, changed name to Constantinople

32

Attila the Hun

Leader of the barbarians and Huns, led attacks on Rome but lost

33

Pompeii

Place where mount Vesuvius erupted and killed everyone not to get mixed up with Pompey, from the first triumvirate

34

Silk Road

Trade routes from Rome to China

35

Aquaducts

Made by Roman engineers to bring water into cities and towns

36

Greco-roman culture

Collective Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman culture combined when time took over

37

Rome's impact in today's world

-- aqueducts= architecture
Colosseum= sports stadium
Virgil(storyteller)= hero based stories
Jesus= Christianity
Representative government=republic
(More on pg 374)

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Locations that you need to know

Carthage, Rome, Constantinople, Jerusalem, Italy, Greece, Med sea and Black Sea.

39

Republic

Indirect democracy

39

Who was Rome ruled by before Rome took over?

Rome was ruled by Etruscans in the north as a monarchy

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Wo were two tribunes assassinated?

Tiberius and Gaius

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Wo were two tribunes assassinated?

Tiberius and Gaius

43

Theodosius

Made Christianity nation religion of Rome

44

Julius Caesar death

End of roman republic/democracy

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In the beginning Rome was controlled by

Etruscans in the north, that were good engineers, controlled Italy by monarchy until Romans (Latin) took over
During this period: Romans were in the middle, Etruscans in the north and Greeks in the south/the boot

46

Latifundia

Was a large land owned by the rich, and generals. These generals hired all the unemployed as an army and they were loyal to Latifundia owner, this has increased the gp between the rich and the poor

47

There is going to be a picture two men that were tribunes and brothers who are they ?

Tiberius & Gaius gracchus

48

There is going to be a pic of a she wolf. Who is she?

She is the wolf that raised Remus and Romulus who created Rome

49

Above Jesus on the cross there are words? What do they mean?

INRI- "king of the Jews"

50

Why was Jesus killed ?

He threatened the Roman Empire

51

Denarius means

Coin

52

Praetors

Eight judges chosen for one year by Centuriate Assembly (the people) they oversee courts and govern provinces

53

Santas reindeer

Dasher
Dancer
Prancer
Vixen
Comet
Cupid
Donner
Blitzen
Rudolf

54

Who is Santas 9th reindeer?

Rudolph

55

What is the responsibility of the Senate?

It was the aristocratic branch of Rome's government

56

Form of Rome's currency?

Denarius

57

Who created Rome?

Remus and Romulus