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Flashcards in Renaissnace Deck (34):
1

Renaissance

definition is rebirth, rebirth of grecoroman civlition, 14th and 15th century

2

Middle Ages

characterized by darkness because lack of classical culture

3

Jacob Burckhardt

said Italy (14-15th century) was the birthplace of the modern world, distinguishing features was the revival of antiquity, perfecting of individual, secularism, 1860s there was a sudden break from Middle Ages

4

14th century Italy

Italy was superior in commericial and political evolution --> became indepdnent city states ---> centers of Italian etc ---> secular spirit emerges

5

14th century Renaissance

1. Italy 2. recovery 3. presence of wealthy upper class 4. emphasis on individual ability

6

Renaissance trade economy during the 14th century

ITALY: before the plague, had a flourshing trade (ventician flanders fleet), plague caused Italians to lost their commericial superiority but they maintained a wealthy commerical empire HANSA: propersed

8

Hansa or Hanaseatic League time line

13th: League propesred and had a monopoly, started to form a association
14th century: Burges propserd,
15th century: Burges declined (silting of port) and League unable to compete with larger states

9

Burges

economic crossroads of Europe meeting place between Hanasetic merchants and Flanders Fleet of Venice

10

Medici Family timeline

15th century: gain superitority in banking (controlled interests in enterprises, greatest bank, ) then declined (bad loans, poor leadership)

11

nobility timeline

14th century: declining real incomes
15th century: dominate soceity (military officers held political posts)
16th century: pursue education

12

Venetian Flanders Fleet

had sea route from Venice to England and Netherlands

13

castiliglione and book of courtier

1500s, , became popular throughout Europe, fundamentally hand book for European aristocrats, described three basic attributes of perfect courtier

14

3 basic attributes of perfect courtier in book of courtier

1. posses fundmental nature ednowements (grace and talents)
2. cultivate certain achievements (excerise and classical education and art)
3. follow standard of conduct (make good impression, show accomplishments with grace)

15

peasants and towns people

made mass of third estate,

16

decline of manorialism, elimination of serfdom timeline

12th century: introduction of money economy cause conversion of labor to rents
14th century: black death--> contraction of peasanttry, easier to grant freedom and accept rents
15th century: serdom declining, peasntts were becoming free

17

patricians

top of urban society, wealth enabled them to dominate their urban community economically , socially, and politically

18

petty burghers

concerned with providing goods and services for local consumtpion

19

propertyless

earning pitiful wages and the unemployed living miserable lives

20

slavery timeline

existed in middle ages
decline
9th century: serdom
11th century: slavery disappeared
repearred in Spain (Reconquista)
14th century: blakc death (no laboreres) cause Italisn to intoduce slavery
15th century: decline of slavery (turks conquer byzantine, prices rose, less demand), portuese import African slaves

21

Italy and slaves

slaves were used as skilled workers, household workers, girls were nursemaids, boys were playmates, many were young girls, some used as concubines

22

Italian slave market

obtain from Eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea region

23

Social Structure of Renaissance

inherited it from Middle Ages, three estates

24

family in renaissance italy

family: extended household of parents, children, and servants, lived near each other, might dominate an entire urban district, source of security

25

first estate

clergy, preeminence grounded in belief that people should be guided to spiritual ends

26

legally binding marriage contract

important aspect was size, money presented by wife's family to husband upon marriage, size of dowry explained how the bride was moving down or up in society, large = bride family status up, small = bride family's status higher than husband

27

second estate

nobility, privileges based on principle that nobles provided security and justice for society

28

third estate

peasants and inhabitants of towns and cities, experienced certain adaptions in Renaissance

29

African slaves

15th century, Portuguese importing many African slaves

30

arranged marriages

used to strengthen business or family ties, details worked out in advanced and reinforced by legally binding marriage contract

31

Renaissance recovery

recovery from the 14th century accompaiend by rediscover of classical antiquity (interest in Greo-Roman culture, reconile pagan philosphy of Greco-Roman world with Christian thought, new way of vewing human beings),

32

father and husband role in Italian family

gave name, responsible for legal matters, managed finances, made crucial decisions in children's lives, authority was absolute until he died or formally freed children

33

European economy timeline

14th century: wool industires of Flanders and northern Italian city states were devistated (b/c ecnoic depression)
15th century: wool industry and Italian city states created industries, new technology and machineery, rules transfer titles to financers, medici family preeimeince

34

Hansa League

northern European coatsal towns formed a military and commerical assocation

35

emphasis on individual ability

high regard for human dignity caused new social ideal (lumono universale)